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Air France-KLM results FY 2020

AIR FRANCE - KLM
·38-min read

18 February 2021

FULL YEAR 2020

Operating Result at -4.5 billion euros
Covid-19 crisis having an unprecedented impact on Air France-KLM

The Covid-19 crisis severely impacted the Full Year 2020 results:

  • Revenue at 11.1 billion euros, down 59% compared to last year

  • EBITDA loss at -1.7 billion euros, limited due to cost control

  • Group net employee cost down 35% in 2020 compared to last year, supported by staff reductions, state support mechanisms and activity related wages. Average number of FTEs (Full Time Equivalent) in December 2020 decreased by 8,700 compared to December 2019

  • Operating result at –4.5 billion euros, down 5.7 billion euros compared to last year

  • Net income at -7.1 billion euros, including restructuring provision at -822 million euros, over-hedging at -595 million euros and fleet impairment at -672 million euros

  • Net debt at 11.0 billion euros, up 4.9 billion compared to end of 2019

  • At 31 December 2020, the Group has 9.8 billion euros of liquidity and credit lines at disposal

OUTLOOK

After a positive Christmas traffic in Domestic France and to the Caribbean and Indian Ocean, travel restrictions were tightened in France, the Netherlands and worldwide, having a negative impact on the traffic of the Group in the first quarter of 2021.

Due to the lockdown and travel restrictions still in place, the Group anticipates a challenging First quarter 2021, with a lower EBITDA compared to the Fourth Quarter 2020.

There is limited visibility on the demand recovery curve as customer booking behavior is much more short-term oriented and also highly dependent on the imposed travel restrictions, on both the Long Haul and Medium Haul network.

In this context the Group expects capacity in Available Seat kilometers circa index 40 for Air France-KLM in the First quarter 2021 compared to 2019 for the Network passenger activity due to negative environment.
The Group will progressively ramp up capacity towards summer 2021 and expects recovery in the second and third quarter 2021 thanks to the vaccine deployment.

The Air France-KLM Group continues to work on quasi-equity and equity solutions in order to strengthen balance sheet and expects progress in the following weeks. Discussions are continuing with the European Comission within the “Temporary Framework” (TF).

Air France-KLM Group

Fourth quarter

Full Year

2020

Change

2020

Change¹

Passengers (thousands)

5,941

-75.9%

34,065

-67.3%

Passenger Unit revenue per ASK1 (€ cts)

3.06

-52.6%

4.56

-31.2%

Operating result (€m)

-1,134

-1,228

-4,548

-5,689

Net income – Group part (€m)

-1,000

-1,155

-7,078

-7,368

Adj. operating free cash flow (€m)

-2,115

-1,610

-5,661

-5,276

Net debt at end of period (€m)

11,049

4,902

The Board of Directors of Air France-KLM, chaired by Ms. Anne-Marie Couderc, met on 17 February 2021 to approve the financial statements for the Full Year 2020. Group CEO Mr. Benjamin Smith said:

“2020 tested the Air France-KLM Group with the most severe crisis ever experienced by the air transport industry. I would like to thank our employees for their dedication and tremendous flexibility during this period, which has allowed us to remain resilient despite an unprecedented drop in traffic. Since the very beginning of the crisis, we set the highest standards of health and safety for our customers and our employees, all while being able to seize Cargo opportunities and continuously adapting our flight schedules in the face of ever-changing travel restrictions.
Thanks to the French- and Dutch state support and this agile way of working, we were able to drastically reduce our costs, protect our cash, and continue the execution of major transformation plans within our airlines, involving the efforts of all employees. In the coming months, we will continue to strengthen the Group's core, improving its economic and environmental performance, so that Air France-KLM will be in a position to fully leverage all opportunities when the industry starts to recover. We begin 2021 looking forward that this year will see an upturn in traffic as soon as vaccination is deployed on a large scale and borders once again reopen. Our customers look forward to being able to travel again and their attachment to Air France, KLM, and Transavia has grown stronger during this crisis.”

Business review

Network: In this very challenging 2020, Air France and KLM actively managed capacity with most of the flight incrementally cash positive thanks to the Cargo activity

Network

Fourth quarter

Full Year

2020

Change

Change
constant currency

2020

Change

Change
constant currency

Total revenues (€m)

1,986

-65.5%

-64.9%

9,206

-60.4%

-60.3%

Scheduled revenues (€m)

1,818

-66.9%

-66.2%

8,571

-61.5%

-61.3%

Operating result (€m)

-881

-917

-914

-3,722

-4,471

-4,477

Full Year 2020 revenues decreased by 60.3% at constant currency to 9.2 billion euros. The operating result amounted to -3.7 billion euros, a 4.5 billion euros decrease at constant currency compared to last year. Measures were strengthened to preserve cash, including reduction of investments, cost savings measures, negotiations with supplier on payment terms, staff reductions and wage support measures.

Passenger network: Ensure health safety on board and adapt network to cope with border restrictions

Fourth quarter

Full Year

Passenger network

2020

Change

Change
constant currency

2020

Change

Change
constant currency

Passengers (thousands)

5,211

-75.6%

28,883

-67.0%

Capacity (ASK m)

34,900

-53.3%

138,168

-53.9%

Traffic (RPK m)

14,351

-77.9%

81,212

-69.2%

Load factor

41.1%

-45.8 pt

58.8%

-29.2 pt

Total passenger revenues (€m)

1,126

-78.3%

-78.0%

6,638

-68.6%

-68.4%

Scheduled passenger revenues (€m)

1,054

-79.0%

-78.6%

6,325

-69.0%

-68.8%

Unit revenue per ASK (€ cts)

3.02

-55.0%

-54.1%

4.58

-32.8%

-32.4%

The passenger network activity in the fourth quarter was, as anticipated, strongly reduced at 46% of last year’s level. The tightening of travel restrictions, border closures and absence of corporate travel delayed the expected traffic recovery. October and November were weak in term of traffic compared to a stronger December, thanks to Christmas traffic increase in Domestic France and to Caribbean and Indian Ocean.
2020 was an unprecedented year for the airline industry and Air France-KLM with: a good start in January and February; a worldwide lockdown with repatriation flights during the second quarter followed by hopes of a resumption of traffic during summer and a last quarter marked by increased travel restrictions and some traffic during Christmas.

The Full year 2020 capacity was severely impacted by the Covid-19 crisis, at 46% of last year’s level while the traffic decreased by 69%, mainly due to travel restrictions in place.

The Group had an agile capacity management and was able to ramp-up capacity during summer and Christmas periods with resilient performance on low border restrictions routes (French Domestic, Caribbean & Indian Ocean and Africa & Middle East). The balanced network of Air France and KLM spread over the different regions of the world was a strong asset during the Covid-19 crisis, which partly explained why the Group operates more capacity than competitors. The strategy was to operate incremental cash positive flights and several routes were taking advantage of the strong worldwide cargo demand thanks to industry under capacity.

During 2020, the Group accelerated the phase-out of different aircraft to cope with the lower demand in the following years (Airbus 380, Airbus 340, Boeing 747, Canadair Jet and Embraer 145).

Air France-KLM Group continues to implement the highest safety standards for its customers and employees to counter virus transmission risks. Both Air France and KLM achieved 4 stars in the Skytrax “Covid-19 Airline Safety Rating”, one of highest score.

Cargo: Strong steering unit revenue in a context of industry under capacity

Fourth quarter

Full Year

Cargo business

2020

Change

Change
constant currency

2020

Change

Change
constant currency

Tons (thousands)

268

-6.8%

880

-20.8%

Capacity (ATK m)

2,812

-24.3%

10,120

-30.7%

Traffic (RTK m)

2,082

-5.7%

6,829

-19.4%

Load factor

74.0%

+14.6 pt

67.5%

+9.5 pt

Total Cargo revenues (€m)

860

+53.9%

+58.2%

2,568

+19.3%

+19.9%

Scheduled cargo revenues (€m)

764

+59.4%

+63.6%

2,246

+21.9%

+22.5%

Unit revenue per ATK (€ cts )

27.18

+110.5%

+116.1%

22.20

+75.9%

+76.8%

Global air cargo capacity was at the end of the Fourth quarter 2020 approximately 20% lower than 2019. Tightening of supply and demand levels increased yields by significant amount over the past months.

December was the eighth consecutive month of gradual air cargo market improvements and Air France-KLM’s Cargo activity continued to strongly perform with a unit revenue at constant currency up 116.1% in the Fourth quarter 2020.

The 2020 Cargo capacity of the Group has been down 30.7%, primarily driven by the reduction in belly capacity of passenger aircraft, partly offset by the increase of the full freighters’ capacity and mini cargo flights (passenger aircraft with only belly capacity commercialized). The yield and load factors were strongly up, resulting in a unit revenue increase of 76.8% at constant currency, thanks to the gap between industry capacity and demand. The Group benefited from a full freighter fleet of six aircraft and a passenger long-haul fleet well suited for the cargo activity (Boeing 777, Boeing 787, and Airbus 350).

On the demand side, world-wide air freight volumes are down due to Covid-19 crisis but are expecting to recover consistently with trade growth and industrial production. The supply-demand gap of the past months is foreseen to narrow once industry capacity supply will increase which depends on the passenger traffic recovery. Air France-KLM is ready to transport the Covid-19 vaccines worldwide and has already delivered them to several destinations successfully. The volumes will gradually increase during the first half of 2021.

Transavia: Well positioned for the recovery with a first step on the French domestic market

Fourth quarter

Full Year

Transavia

2020

Change

2020

Change

Passengers (thousands)

730

-77.7%

5,182

-68.7%

Capacity (ASK m)

2,134

-67.9%

13,312

-59.5%

Traffic (RPK m)

1,323

-78.2%

9,828

-67.6%

Load factor

62.0%

-29.3 pt

73.8%

-18.4 pt

Total passenger revenues (€m)

85

-74.8%

606

-65.2%

Unit revenue per ASK (€ cts)

3.67

-26.1%

4.41

-17.4%

Unit cost per ASK (€ cts)

8.01

+48.8%

6.65

+34.7%

Operating result (€m)

-93

-65

-299

-430

The Fourth quarter operating result ended -65 million euros lower compared to last year at an operational loss of -93 million euros, as a result of the Covid-19 crisis and tightened border restrictions in Europe and North Africa.

Full year 2020 activity levels were close to 40% of last year’s level, with a unit revenue down -17.4% compared to 2019. Load factors at 73.8% were impacted by travel restrictions imposed.

During 2020, Transavia operated more than 150 repatriation flights from Europe and North Africa enabling 28,000 passengers to be brought back before temporarily immobilizing its entire fleet. In June, Transavia gradually resumed flights by constantly adapting operations to Covid-19 rules and has enabled many travelers to enjoy leisure destination during summer. However, the resurgence of Covid-19 and border restrictions have slowed down Transavia in the traffic recovery during the fourth quarter 2020. Strict cash preservation measures are still in place including reduction of investments, cost savings measures, negotiations with supplier on payment terms and wage support measures.

Several CLA agreements have been reached in both Transavia Netherlands and France about labor conditions and restructuring measures. Transavia France started French domestic operations during the fourth quarter 2020 from Paris Orly and regional airports.

Transavia plan to grow is still valid, well positioned to capture the leisure traffic recovery foreseen in the coming months and a major opportunity for the Group’s competitiveness gain.

Maintenance: Activity severely impacted by the decrease of airline’s activities

Fourth quarter

Full Year

Maintenance

2020

Change

Change
constant currency

2020

Change

Change
constant currency

Total revenues (€m)

603

-48.2%

2,858

-38.1%

Third-party revenues (€m)

286

-44.5%

-40.5%

1,248

-41.6%

-41.4%

Operating result (€m)

-177

-267

-257

-543

-803

-798

Operating margin (%)

-29.4%

-37.1 pt

-36.5 pt

-19.0%

-24.6 pt

-24.5 pt

The Fourth quarter operating result stood at -177 million euros, a decrease of 267 million euros, highly impacted by the Covid-19 crisis. Maintenance continued to sign new contracts in the fourth quarter and are included in the order book at year end.

During 2020, external revenues declined by 41.6% and the decreased in Air France-KLM Group airlines activities impacted the total revenues. Operating costs have been reduced by a lower maintenance activity level, staff reductions, wage support measures for employees and other initiated cost savings measures. Operating results stood at -543 million euros, down 803 million euros compared to last year.
Covid-19 generated around 320 million euros exceptional items, of which 120 million of doubtful receivable, 110 million euros provision on asset value and 90 million euros regarding contracts review.

The Maintenance order book is assessed to 9.1 billion dollars at 31 December 2020, a decrease of 2.4 billion dollars compared to 31 December 2019, explained by the Covid-19 crisis. The Maintenance business is carefully managing agreements with clients on payment terms.

Air France-KLM maintenance activity is well positioned on new generation aircraft maintenance and foresees solid opportunities for the future.

Air France-KLM Group: Financial metrics severely impacted by Covid-19, a decrease of €5.8bn in EBITDA mitigated by cost control

Fourth quarter

Full Year

2020

Change

Change
constant currency

2020

Change

Change
constant currency

Capacity (ASK m)

37,034

-54.5%

151,480

-54.4%

Traffic (RPK m)

15,673

-77.9%

91,040

-69.0%

Passenger unit revenue per ASK (€ cts)

3.06

-53.5%

-52.6%

4.56

-31.6%

-31.2%

Group unit revenue per ASK (€ cts)

5.12

-28.5%

-27.1%

6.05

-16.3%

-15.8%

Group unit cost per ASK (€ cts) at constant fuel

8.18

+16.1%

+25.9%

9.05

+31.6%

+36.9%

Revenues (€m)

2,363

-64.3%

-63.5%

11,088

-59.2%

-59.1%

EBITDA (€m)

-407

-1,272

-1,260

-1,689

-5,816

-5,814

Operating result (€m)

-1,134

-1,228

-1,215

-4,548

-5,689

-5,685

Operating margin (%)

-48.0%

-49.4 pt

-49.2 pt

-41.0%

-45.2 pt

-45.2 pt

Net income - Group part (€m)

-1,000

-1,155

-7,078

-7,368

In Full Year 2020, the Air France-KLM Group posted an operating result of -4.5 billion euros, down by 5.7 billion euros compared to last year.

Net income amounted to -7.1 billion euros in the Full Year 2020, a decrease of 7.4 billion euros compared to last year, of which exceptional accounting items due to Covid-19:

  • Restructuring costs provision of -822 million euros with Departure Plan at Air France Group and KLM Group

  • Fuel over hedge has been recycled to “Other financial income and expenses” for -595 million euros

  • Fleet impairment of -672 million, mainly caused by -553 million euros on Airbus A380

Since the beginning of the crisis, Air France, KLM and Transavia proceeded 2.3 billion euros of refunds to customers, with 0.8 billion euros during the fourth quarter 2020.

The Full year 2020 unit cost increased by 36.9%, primarily caused by Covid-19 related capacity reductions

Group net employee costs were down 35% in 2020 compared to last year, supported by staff reductions, partial activity implementation at Air France and compensated staff cost by the NOW mechanism at KLM and no profit sharing provisions to be made at both airlines. The average number of FTEs (Full Time Equivalent) stood at 76,900 in December 2020, down 8,700 compared to December 2019.

Net debt up 4.9 billion euros

Fourth quarter

Full Year

In € million

2020

Change

2020

Change

Cash flow before change in WCR and Voluntary Departure Plans, continuing operations (€m)

-661

-1,440

-2,586

-6,370

Cash out related to Voluntary Departure Plans (€m)

-253

-244

-405

-381

Change in Working Capital Requirement (WCR) (€m)

-502

-547

165

+30

Net cash flow from operating activities (€m)

-1,416

-2,231

-2,826

-6,721

Net investments* (€m)

-421

+639

-1,895

+1,377

Operating free cash flow (€m)

-1,837

-1,592

-4,721

-5,344

Repayment of lease debt

-278

-18

-940

+68

Adjusted operating free cash flow**

-2,115

-1,610

-5,661

-5,276

* Sum of ‘Purchase of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets’ and ‘Proceeds on disposal of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets’ as presented in the consolidated cash flow statement.

** The “Adjusted operating free cash flow” is operating free cash flow after deducting the repayment of lease debt.

The Group generated adjusted operating free cash flow in Full Year 2020 of -5.7 billion euros, a decrease of 5.3 billion euros compared to last year, mainly explained by a net cash flow from operating activities decline of 6.7 billion euros, partly offset by a reduction in net investments of 1.4 billion euros.

Strong focus on working capital management in all businesses has led to a positive change of +165 million euros in 2020, thanks to tax & social charges deferrals, negotiations with suppliers and vouchers policy which compensated the refunds process and the low inflow of bookings.

In € million

31 Dec 2020

31 Dec 2019

Net debt

11,049

6,147

EBITDA trailing 12 months

-1,689

4,128

Net debt/EBITDA trailing 12 months

na

1.5 x

Both airlines results negatively impacted in 2020

Fourth quarter

Full Year

2020

Change

2020

Change

Air France Group Operating result (€m)

-989

-970

-3,389

-3,669

Operating margin (%)

-73.3%

-72.8 pt

-52.8%

-54.5 pt

KLM Group Operating result (€m)

-152

-271

-1,154

-2,007

Operating margin (%)

-13.4%

-17.8 pt

-22.5%

-30.2 pt

OUTLOOK

After a positive Christmas traffic in Domestic France and to the Caribbean and Indian Ocean, travel restrictions were tightened in France, the Netherlands and worldwide, having a negative impact on the traffic of the Group in the first quarter of 2021.

There is limited visibility on the demand recovery curve as customer booking behavior is much more short-term oriented and also highly dependent on the imposed travel restrictions, on both the Long Haul and Medium Haul network.

The Group will progressively ramp up capacity towards summer 2021 and expects recovery in the second and third quarter 2021 thanks to the vaccine deployment.

For the time being, KLM is not able to execute passenger flights between the Netherlands and South Africa, South America and the UK while France banned all non-essential travel from and to France. Instead of gradually increasing capacity during the First Quarter, the capacity had to be reduced.

In this context the Group expects:
·Capacity in Available Seat kilometers circa index 40 for Air France-KLM in the First quarter 2021 compared to 2019 for the Network passenger activity due to negative environment.

Given the under capacity in the Cargo industry, strong steering options for the First quarter 2021 remain available, although future performance is pending passenger industry recovery.

Due to the lockdown and travel restrictions still in place, The Group anticipates a challenging First quarter 2021, with a lower EBITDA compared to the Fourth Quarter 2020.

At 31 December 2020, the Group has a solid 9.8 billion euros of liquidity and credit lines at disposal.

The Group foresees liquidity requirements in 2021 with:

  • Negative First quarter working capital requirement influenced by deferred payments and substantial low level of new bookings

  • Capex spending before fleet financings at 2.0 billion euros in 2021

  • Restructuring cash out at 0.5 billion euros in 2021

Guidance : Air France-KLM Group medium term operating margin objective unchanged but delayed

The Group accelerates its transformation initiatives and confirms its medium-term financial ambition. The Group continues to balance its medium-term focus on managing liquidity with the long-term focus on achieving increased competitiveness. To do this, the Group continues to optimize, fleet, labour, network and costs.

The Covid-19 crisis is showing an unprecedented impact on traffic. In order to anticipate on this decline in traffic. The Group estimates the number of aircraft in 2022 to be 7% below the number of aircraft in 2019. The Group expects capacity in ASK back to the 2019 levels only in 2024.

By the end of 2020 the Group managed to decrease the number of FTE already by 10% compared to December 2019. In the coming years the number of FTE will further decrease by circa 6,000 FTE. The reduction in FTE, amongst other key transformation initiatives, will drive the unit cost down 8% to 10% once capacity is back at 2019 level.

The Group’s medium-term financial ambition is maintained with an Adjusted Operating Free Cash Flow expected to be positive again in 2023. The Operating Margin mid-cycle objective is still estimated at 7% to 8%.

******

The audit procedures for the consolidated accounts have taken place. Despite uncertainties, the Board of Directors considered appropriate to prepare the financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020 on the basis of the going concern principle.
For further information, please refer to Note 2 of the consolidated financial statements.

The certification report will be published following the completion of the procedures necessary for the filing of the Universal Registration Document.

The results presentation is available at www.airfranceklm.com on 18 February 2021 from 7:15 am CET.

A conference call hosted by Mr. Smith (CEO) and Mr. Gagey (CFO) will be held on 18 February 2021 at 08.30 CET.

To connect to the conference call, please dial:

France: Local +33 (0)1 76 77 22 57
Netherlands: Local +31 (0)20 703 8261
UK: Local +44 (0)330 336 9411
US: Local +1 720-543-0206

Confirmation code: 7443591

Investor Relations Press
Olivier Gall Antoine Madre
+33 1 49 89 52 59 +33 1 49 89 52 60 +33 1 41 56 56 00
olgall@airfranceklm.com anmadre@airfranceklm.com


Income Statement

Fourth quarter

Full Year

€m

2020

2019

Change

2020

2019

Change

Sales

2,363

6,616

-64.3%

11,088

27,188

-59.2%

Other revenues

0

1

-100.0%

0

1

-100.0%

Revenues

2,363

6,617

-64.3%

11,088

27,189

-59.2%

Aircraft fuel

-506

-1,393

-63.7%

-2,392

-5,511

-56.6%

Chartering costs

-72

-118

-39.0%

-253

-525

-51.8%

Landing fees and en route charges

-226

-462

-51.1%

-969

-1,933

-49.9%

Catering

-59

-205

-71.2%

-294

-822

-64.2%

Handling charges and other operating costs

-188

-422

-55.5%

-833

-1,715

-51.4%

Aircraft maintenance costs

-375

-708

-47.0%

-1,618

-2,628

-38.5%

Commercial and distribution costs

-55

-246

-77.6%

-346

-1,029

-66.4%

Other external expenses

-342

-437

-21.7%

-1,275

-1,730

-26.3%

Salaries and related costs

-1,076

-2,108

-49.0%

-5,300

-8,139

-34.9%

Taxes other than income taxes

-29

-35

-17.1%

-137

-154

-11.0%

Other income and expenses

158

382

-58.6%

640

1,125

-43.1%

EBITDA

-407

865

nm

-1,689

4,128

nm

Amortization, depreciation and provisions

-727

-771

-5.7%

-2,859

-2,987

-4.3%

Income from current operations

-1,134

94

nm

-4,548

1,141

nm

Sales of aircraft equipment

6

-2

nm

37

22

+68.2%

Other non-current income and expenses

-38

-19

+99.9%

-1,489

-153

+873%

Income from operating activities

-1,166

73

nm

-6,000

1,010

nm

Cost of financial debt

-146

-110

+32.7%

-496

-442

+12.2%

Income from cash and cash equivalent

1

9

-88.9%

19

49

-61.2%

Net cost of financial debt

-145

-101

+43.6%

-477

-393

+21.4%

Other financial income and expenses

171

120

+42.5%

-451

-271

+66.4%

Income before tax

-1,140

92

nm

-6,928

346

nm

Income taxes

145

56

+158.9%

-97

-76

+27.6%

Net income of consolidated companies

-995

148

nm

-7,025

270

nm

Share of profits (losses) of associates

-6

8

nm

-58

23

nm

Net income for the period

-1,001

156

nm

-7,083

293

nm

Minority interest

-1

1

nm

-5

3

nm

Net income for the period – Group part

-1,000

155

nm

-7,078

290

nm

2019 results restated (with a similar impact in both years) for limited life parts componentization accounting change.

Consolidated Balance Sheet

Assets

31 Dec 2020

31 Dec 2019

In million euros

Goodwill

215

217

Intangible assets

1,230

1,305

Flight equipment

11,031

11,334

Other property, plant and equipment

1,548

1,580

Right-of-use assets

4,678

5,173

Investments in equity associates

230

307

Derivatives assets long term

92

238

Pension assets

211

420

Other financial assets

795

1,096

Deferred tax assets

282

523

Other non-current assets

4

3

Total non-current assets

20,316

22,196

Other short-term financial assets

607

800

Derivatives assets short term

160

258

Inventories

543

737

Trade receivables

1,248

2,164

Other current assets

914

865

Cash and cash equivalents

6,423

3,715

Total current assets

9,895

8,539

Total assets

30,211

30,735

Liabilities and equity

31 Dec 2020

31 Dec 2019

In million euros

Issued capital

429

429

Additional paid-in capital

4,139

4,139

Treasury shares

-25

-67

Perpetual

0

403

Reserves and retained earnings

-9,970

-2,620

Equity attributable to equity holders of Air France-KLM

-5,427

2,284

Non-controlling interests

9

15

Total Equity

-5,418

2,299

Pension provisions

2,147

2,253

Other provisions

3,670

3,750

Long-term debt

14,171

6,271

Lease financial debt

2,425

3,149

Derivatives liabilities long term

122

107

Deferred tax liabilities

22

142

Other non-current liabilities

1,294

115

Total non-current liabilities

23,851

15,787

Provisions

1,337

714

Current portion of long-term debt

1,318

842

Current portion of lease financial debt

839

971

Derivatives liabilities short term

363

154

Trade payables

1,435

2,379

Deferred revenue on ticket sales

2,394

3,289

Frequent flyer programs

916

848

Other current liabilities

3,175

3,448

Bank overdrafts

1

4

Total current liabilities

11,778

12,649

Total equity and liabilities

30,211

30,735

Statement of Consolidated Cash Flows from 1st Jan until 31 december 2020

€m

31 Dec 2020

31 Dec 2019

Net income from continuing operations

-7,083

293

Amortization, depreciation and operating provisions

2,859

2,987

Financial provisions

183

217

Loss (gain) on disposals of tangible and intangible assets

-50

-43

Loss (gain)on disposals of subsidiaries and associates

1

0

Derivatives – non monetary result

-27

30

Unrealized foreign exchange gains and losses, net

-290

82

Impairment

680

0

Other non-monetary items

511

238

Share of (profits) losses of associates

58

-23

Deferred taxes

167

-21

Financial Capacity

-2,991

3,760

(Increase) / decrease in inventories

138

-93

(Increase) / decrease in trade receivables

760

61

Increase / (decrease) in trade payables

-898

-133

Increase / (decrease) in advanced ticket sales

-837

160

Change in other receivables and payables

1,002

140

Change in working capital requirements

165

135

Net cash flow from operating activities

-2,826

3,895

Purchase of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets

-2,099

-3,372

Proceeds on disposal of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets

204

100

Proceeds on disposal of subsidiaries, of shares in non-controlled entities

357

13

Acquisition of subsidiaries, of shares in non-controlled entities

-1

-1

Dividends received

0

14

Decrease (increase) in net investments, more than 3 months

-44

-72

Net cash flow used in investing activities

-1,583

-3,318

Increase of equity due to new convertible bond

0

54

Perpetual (including premium)

0

0

Issuance of debt

11,437

1,617

Repayment on financial debt

-3,389

-1,156

Payments on lease debt

-940

-1,008

Decrease (increase ) in loans, net

39

72

Dividends and coupons on perpetual paid

0

-26

Net cash flow from financing activities

7,147

-447

Effect of exchange rate on cash and cash equivalents and bank overdrafts

-27

1

Change in cash and cash equivalents and bank overdrafts

2,711

131

Cash and cash equivalents and bank overdrafts at beginning of period

3,711

3,580

Cash and cash equivalents and bank overdrafts at end of period

6,422

3,711

Change in treasury of discontinued operations

0

0

Key Performance Indicators

Restated net result, group share

Fourth quarter

Full Year

In million euros

2020

2019

2020

2019

Net income/(loss), Group share

-1,000

155

-7,078

290

Unrealized foreign exchange gains and losses, net

-212

-141

-290

82

Change in fair value of financial assets and liabilities (derivatives)

-97

-20

-27

-29

Non-current income and expenses

31

22

1,452

131

Tax impact on gross adjustments net result

78

-42

-323

-55

Restated net income/(loss), group part

-1,200

-27

-6,266

419

Coupons on perpetual

0

-4

0

-17

Restated net income/(loss), group share including coupons on perpetual (used to calculate earnings per share)

-1,200

-31

-6,266

402

Restated net income/(loss) per share (in €)

-2,81

0,14

-14,66

0,95

Return on capital employed (ROCE)1

In million euros

31 Dec 2020

30 Sep 2020

30 June 2020

31
Mar 2020

31
Dec 2019

30 Sep 2019

30
June 2019

31
Mar 2019

Goodwill and intangible assets

1,445

1,470

1,500

1,564

1,522

1,481

1,465

1,485

Flight equipment

11,031

11,009

10,919

11,465

11,334

10,829

10,747

10,456

Other property, plant and equipment

1,548

1,535

1,551

1,579

1,580

1,554

1,530

1,504

Right of use assets

4,678

4,789

4,938

5,119

5,173

5,300

5,470

5,453

Investments in equity associates

230

224

267

299

307

310

305

306

Financial assets excluding marketable securities and financial deposits

146

135

133

142

140

131

125

127

Provisions, excluding pension, cargo litigation and restructuring

-3,922

-4,001

-4,130

-4,190

-4,058

-4,101

-3,888

-3,907

WCR, excluding market value of derivatives

-6,505

-6,894

-6,779

-6,650

-6,310

-6,285

-6,957

-6,938

Capital employed

8,651

8,267

8,399

9,328

9,688

9,219

8,797

8,486

Average capital employed (A)

8,661

9,048

Adjusted results from current operations

-4,548

1,141

- Dividends received

0

-2

- Share of profits (losses) of associates

-58

23

- Normative income tax

1,394

-318

Adjusted result from current operations after tax (B)

-3,212

844

ROCE, trailing 12 months (B/A)

-37.1%

9.3%


Net debt

Balance sheet at

€m

31 Dec 2020

31 Dec 2019

Financial debt

15,388

6,886

Repo on triple A bonds

-84

0

Lease debt

3,184

4,029

Currency hedge on financial debt

27

4

Accrued interest

-107

-62

Gross financial debt (A)

18,408

10,857

Cash and cash equivalents

6,423

3,715

Marketable securities

193

111

Cash securities

309

300

Bonds AAA

518

585

Bank overdrafts

-1

-4

Others

1

3

Repo on triple A bonds

-84

0

Net cash (B)

7,359

4,710

Net debt (A) – (B)

11,049

6,147

Adjusted operating free cash flow

Fourth quarter

Full Year

€m

2020

2019

2020

2019

Net cash flow from operating activities, continued operations

-1,416

815

-2,826

3,895

Investment in property, plant, equipment and intangible assets

-444

-1,077

-2,099

-3,372

Proceeds on disposal of property, plant, equipment and intangible assets

23

17

204

100

Operating free cash flow

-1,837

-245

-4,721

623

Payments on lease debt

-278

-260

-940

-1,008

Adjusted operating free cash flow

-2,115

-505

-5,661

-385

Operating cash burn



Full Year

2020

2019

EBITDA

- 1,689

4,128

Provisions (CO2 and other)

-22

18

Correction of spare parts inventory

4

-1

Addition to pension provisions

306

341

Reversal to pension provisions (cash-out)

-246

-256

Payment linked with shares

0

1

Sales of tangible and intangible assets (excluding aeronauticals)

41

46

Dividend received

0

-2

Income from operation activities - cash impact

-1,605

4,275

Restructuring costs

-405

-24

Other non-current income and expenses

-1

1

Cost of financial debt

-446

-422

Financial income

-2

23

Realized foreign exchange gain/loss

7

-1

Termination of trading hedges - cash

-589

4

Current income tax

70

-97

Other financial charges & expenses - cash

-22

-7

Other elements

3

8

Financial capacity

-2,991

3,760

Unit cost: net cost per ASK

Fourth quarter

Full Year

2020

2019

2020

2019

Revenues (in €m)

2,363

6,617

11,088

27,189

Income/(loss) from current operations (in €m) -/-

1,134

-94

4,548

-1,141

Total operating expense (in €m)

3,497

6,523

15,637

26,048

Passenger network business – other revenues (in €m)

-72

-178

-314

-711

Cargo network business – other revenues (in €m)

-96

-79

-322

-310

Third-party revenues in the maintenance business (in €m)

-286

-515

-1,248

-2,138

Transavia - other revenues (in €m)

-7

-7

-20

10

Third-party revenues of other businesses (in €m)

-6

-7

-28

-34

Net cost (in €m)

3,031

5,736

13,706

22,864

Capacity produced, reported in ASK*

37,034

81,363

151,480

332,473

Net cost per ASK (in € cents per ASK)

8.18

7.05

9.05

6.88

Gross change

16.1%

31.6%

Currency effect on net costs (in €m)

-102

-121

Change at constant currency

18.2%

32.3%

Fuel price effect (in €m) adjusted for 2019 capacity

-342

-771

Net cost per ASK on a constant currency and fuel price basis (in € cents per ASK)

8.18

6.50

9.05

6.61

Change at constant currency and fuel price basis

+25.9%

+36.9%

* The capacity produced by the transportation activities is combined by adding the capacity of the Passenger network (in ASK) to that of Transavia (in ASK).

Group results
Air France Group

Fourth quarter

Full Year

2020

Change

2020

Change

Revenue (in €m)

1,349

-66.7%

6,415

-61.3%

EBITDA (in €m)

-514

-980

-1,609

-3,781

Operating result (en m€)

-988

-970

-3,389

-3,669

Operating margin (%)

-73.3%

-72.8 pt

-52.8%

-54.5 pt

Operating cash flow before WCR and restructuring cash out (in €m)

-669

-1,012

-2,188

-2,188

Operating cash flow (before WCR and restructuring) margin

-49.6%

-58.0 pt

-34.1%

-34.1 pt


KLM Group

Fourth quarter

Full Year

2020

Change

2020

Change

Revenue (in €m)

1,136

-57.8%

5,120

-53.8%

EBITDA (in €m)

101

-304

-75

-2,017

Operating result (en m€)

-152

-271

-1,154

-2,007

Operating margin (%)

-13.4%

-17.8 pt

-22.5%

-30.2 pt

Operating cash flow before WCR and restructuring cash out (in €m)

17

-416

-340

-340

Operating cash flow (before WCR and restructuring) margin

1.5%

-14.6 pt

-6.6%

-6.6 pt

NB: Sum of individual airline results does not add up to Air France-KLM total due to intercompany eliminations at Group level

Group fleet at 31 December 2020

Aircraft type

AF
(incl. HOP)

KL
(incl. KLC & MP)

Transavia

Owned

Finance lease

Operating lease

Total

In operation

Change / 31/12/19

B747-400

2

2

2

-8

B777-300

43

14

18

17

22

57

57

B777-200

25

15

26

14

40

40

B787-9

10

13

6

5

12

23

23

1

B787-10

6

4

2

6

5

1

A380-800

9

2

3

4

9

-10

A350-900

6

1

5

6

6

3

A340-300

1

1

1

-4

A330-300

5

5

5

5

A330-200

15

8

11

12

23

21

-2

Total Long-Haul

109

63

0

71

32

69

172

157

-19

B737-900

5

5

5

5

B737-800

31

75

29

10

67

106

106

2

B737-700

16

5

2

5

14

21

20

-3

A321

20

11

9

20

20

A320

44

4

4

36

44

44

1

A319

33

14

19

33

33

A318

18

8

10

18

18

Total Medium-Haul

115

52

80

73

19

155

247

246

0

ATR72-600

-2

ATR72-500

ATR42-500

Canadair Jet 1000

14

14

14

14

Canadair Jet 700

11

11

11

9

-1

Embraer 190

17

32

11

10

28

49

49

2

Embraer 175

17

3

14

17

17

Embraer 170

15

10

5

15

15

Embraer 145

15

15

15

-13

Total Regional

72

49

0

64

24

33

121

104

-14

B747-400ERF

3

3

3

3

B747-400BCF

1

1

1

1

B777-F

2

2

2

2

Total Cargo

2

4

0

6

0

0

6

6

0

Total

298

168

80

214

75

257

546

513

-33

FOURTH QUARTER 2020 TRAFFIC

Passenger network activity*

Q4

Year to date

Total Passenger network*

2020

2019

Variation

2020

2019

Variation

Passengers carried (‘000s)

5,211

21,347

(75.6%)

28,883

87,634

(67.0%)

Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)

14,351

64,943

(77.9%)

81,212

263,509

(69.2%)

Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)

34,900

74,723

(53.3%)

138,167

299,624

(53.9%)

Load factor (%)

41.1%

86.9%

(45.8)

58.8%

87.9%

(29.2)

Long-haul

Passengers carried (‘000s)

1,591

7,031

(77.4%)

8,663

28,320

(69.4%)

Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)

11,239

53,128

(78.8%)

64,022

213,664

(70.0%)

Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)

29,749

60,648

(50.9%)

112,586

240,774

(53.2%)

Load factor (%)

37.8%

87.6%

(49.8)

56.9%

88.7%

(31.9)

North America

Passengers carried (‘000s)

306

2,074

(85.3%)

2,176

8,760

(75.2%)

Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)

2,260

14,751

(84.7%)

15,657

62,245

(74.8%)

Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)

7,972

16,561

(51.9%)

31,381

69,677

(55.0%)

Load factor (%)

28.3%

89.1%

(60.7)

49.9%

89.3%

(39.4)

Latin America

Passengers carried (‘000s)

183

935

(80.5%)

1,151

3,664

(68.6%)

Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)

1,766

8,780

(79.9%)

10,943

34,753

(68.5%)

Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)

4,848

10,160

(52.3%)

18,372

39,135

(53.1%)

Load factor (%)

36.4%

86.4%

(50.0)

59.6%

88.8%

(29.2)

Asia / Pacific

Passengers carried (‘000s)

173

1,689

(89.8%)

1,534

6,659

(77.0%)

Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)

1,491

14,610

(89.8%)

13,294

58,008

(77.1%)

Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)

6,326

16,390

(61.4%)

27,028

64,124

(57.9%)

Load factor (%)

23.6%

89.1%

(65.6)

49.2%

90.5%

(41.3)

Africa / Middle East

Passengers carried (‘000s)

534

1,395

(61.8%)

2,097

5,484

(61.8%)

Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)

2,815

8,040

(65.0%)

11,640

31,157

(62.6%)

Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)

5,728

9,595

(40.3%)

18,066

36,955

(51.1%)

Load factor (%)

49.1%

83.8%

(34.6)

64.4%

84.3%

(19.9)

Caribbean / Indian Ocean

Passengers carried (‘000s)

396

938

(57.7%)

1,705

3,753

(54.6%)

Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)

2,908

6,948

(58.1%)

12,488

27,500

(54.6%)

Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)

4,875

7,942

(38.6%)

17,739

30,883

(42.6%)

Load factor (%)

59.7%

87.5%

(27.8)

70.4%

89.0%

(18.6)

Short and Medium-haul

Passengers carried (‘000s)

3,620

14,316

(74.7%)

20,220

59,314

(65.9%)

Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)

3,111

11,815

(73.7%)

17,190

49,845

(65.5%)

Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)

5,151

14,074

(63.4%)

25,581

58,851

(56.5%)

Load factor (%)

60.4%

83.9%

(23.5)

67.2%

84.7%

(17.5)

* Air France and KLM

Transavia activity

Q4

Year to date

Transavia

2020

2019

Variation

2020

2019

Variation

Passengers carried (‘000s)

730

3,266

(77.7%)

5,182

16,581

(68.7%)

Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)

1,323

6,064

(78.2%)

9,828

30,303

(67.6%)

Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)

2,134

6,640

(67.9%)

13,312

32,867

(59.5%)

Load factor (%)

62.0%

91.3%

(29.3)

73.8%

92.2%

(18.4)

Total group passenger activity**

Q4

Year to date

Total group**

2020

2019

Variation

2020

2019

Variation

Passengers carried (‘000s)

5,941

24,614

(75.9%)

34,065

104,214

(67.3%)

Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)

15,673

71,007

(77.9%)

91,040

293,812

(69.0%)

Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)

37,034

81,363

(54.5%)

151,480

332,492

(54.4%)

Load factor (%)

42.3%

87.3%

(44.9)

60.1%

88.4%

(28.3)

** Air France, KLM and Transavia

Cargo activity

Q4

Year to date

Total Group

2020

2019

Variation

2020

2019

Variation

Revenue tonne-km (m RTK)

2,082

2,207

(5.7%)

6,829

8,467

(19.3%)

Available tonne-km (m ATK)

2,812

3,713

(24.3%)

10,121

14,609

(30.7%)

Load factor (%)

74.0%

59.4%

14.6

67.5%

58.0%

9.5


Air France activity

Q4

Year to date

Total Passenger network activity

2020

2019

Variation

2020

2019

Variation

Passengers carried (‘000s)

3,017

12,698

(76.2%)

17,652

52,542

(66.4%)

Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)

7,946

37,584

(78.9%)

47,339

154,033

(69.3%)

Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)

16,416

43,863

(62.6%)

73,325

177,172

(58.6%)

Load factor (%)

48.4%

85.7%

(37.3)

64.6%

86.9%

(22.4)


Long-haul

Passengers carried (‘000s)

956

4,122

(76.8%)

5,199

16,845

(69.1%)

Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)

6,284

30,571

(79.4%)

36,952

124,235

(70.3%)

Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)

13,763

35,338

(61.1%)

58,194

141,282

(58.8%)

Load factor (%)

45.7%

86.5%

(40.9)

63.5%

87.9%

(24.4)


Short and Medium-haul

Passengers carried (‘000s)

2,060

8,576

(76.0%)

12,453

35,697

(65.1%)

Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)

1,662

7,013

(76.3%)

10,387

29,798

(65.1%)

Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)

2,654

8,525

(68.9%)

15,131

35,890

(57.8%)

Load factor (%)

62.6%

82.3%

(19.6)

68.6%

83.0%

(14.4)


Q4

Year to date

Cargo activity

2020

2019

Variation

2020

2019

Variation

Revenue tonne-km (m RTK)

843

994

(15.3%)

2,644

3,789

(30.2%)

Available tonne-km (m ATK)

1,347

1,867

(27.9%)

4,737

7,356

(35.6%)

Load factor (%)

62.6%

53.3%

9.3

55.8%

51.5%

4.3

KLM activity

Q4

Year to date

Total Passenger network activity

2020

2019

Variation

2020

2019

Variation

Passengers carried (‘000s)

2,195

8,650

(74.6%)

11,231

35,092

(68.0%)

Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)

6,405

27,359

(76.6%)

33,873

109,476

(69.1%)

Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)

18,484

30,859

(40.1%)

64,842

122,452

(47.0%)

Load factor (%)

34.7%

88.7%

(54.0)

52.2%

89.4%

(37.2)


Long-haul

Passengers carried (‘000s)

635

2,909

(78.2%)

3,463

11,475

(69.8%)

Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)

4,956

22,557

(78.0%)

27,070

89,428

(69.7%)

Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)

15,986

25,310

(36.8%)

54,392

99,492

(45.3%)

Load factor (%)

31.0%

89.1%

(58.1)

49.8%

89.9%

(40.1)


Short and Medium-haul

Passengers carried (‘000s)

1,560

5,740

(72.8%)

7,767

23,617

(67.1%)

Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)

1,449

4,802

(69.8%)

6,803

20,047

(66.1%)

Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)

2,497

5,550

(55.0%)

10,450

22,960

(54.5%)

Load factor (%)

58.0%

86.5%

(28.5)

65.1%

87.3%

(22.2)


Q4

Year to date

Cargo activity

2020

2019

Variation

2020

2019

Variation

Revenue tonne-km (m RTK)

1,242

1,212

2.4%

4,184

4,678

(10.6%)

Available tonne-km (m ATK)

1,466

1,846

(20.6%)

5,385

7,253

(25.8%)

Load factor (%)

84.7%

65.6%

19.1

77.7%

64.5%

13.2





1 Passenger unit revenue is the aggregate of Passenger network and Transavia unit revenues, change at constant currency



1 The definition of ROCE has been revised to take into account the seasonal effects of the activity.



Attachment