Stock markets dropped again Monday, extending last week's rout as investors brace for another big rate hike by the US Federal Reserve that they fear could drag down the global economy.
Wall Street opened lower, with the Dow dropping 0.6 percent.
The Paris CAC 40 and Frankfurt DAX were down in afternoon trading while Asian indices mostly closed lower. London was closed for the funeral of Queen Elizabeth II.
"Traders are worried that they are going to hear more hawkish stance from central banks this week" which would "cut economic activity further," AvaTrade analyst Naeem Aslam told AFP.
The Fed will announce its latest monetary policy decision on Wednesday as it seeks to tame decades-high inflation.
With recent data showing US inflation rooted at four-decade highs, investors are increasingly pessimistic about the outlook for the global economy.
Central banks raise interest rates to cool inflation, but higher borrowing costs also slow down economic activity.
Disappointing US inflation figures last week unnerved traders and ramped up bets for a third successive 0.75-percentage-point rise, while some have predicted a whole percentage point move.
Policymakers, including Fed chairman Jerome Powell, have repeatedly said their ultimate aim is to bring inflation under control, even if that means sending the economy into recession.
"We're expecting a sharp interest rate increase and therefore a clear signal against galloping inflation," said Tim Emden, an independent market analyst.
Patrick O'Hare at Briefing.com said that a good question is why stock markets are still falling when they already took a wallop last week on the prospect of higher interest rates triggering an economic slump.
"The reason being is that the market doesn't have a comforting sense where the end rate will be, how long the end rate will remain the end rate, and how low earnings estimates will go," he said.
The Bank of England and its peer in Japan are also holding key meetings this week, with the pound and the yen feeling the pressure from a strong dollar.
- Yen under pressure -
Asian equity investors continued the selling on Monday.
Hong Kong closed down one percent, even after reports that the city's government was considering ending mandatory hotel quarantine for incoming travellers.
Shanghai was also down despite news that megacity Chengdu was ending a two-week Covid-19 lockdown that saw 21 million people affected.
Tokyo was closed for a holiday.
The prospect of more big Fed rate hikes is also keeping the dollar at multi-decade highs against its major peers, with the yen feeling most of the pressure as the Bank of Japan refuses to tighten policy.
The Japanese unit last week hit a fresh 24-year low of 144.99 to the dollar, though it has bounced slightly after comments from BoJ officials that signalled they were ready to intervene to provide support.
Oil prices tumbled around three percent despite the news out of Chengdu as demand fears are fuelled by the growing fear of recession around the world.
"The market's growth concerns, meanwhile, are being fed by the inverted yield curve and are manifesting themselves in the commodities market," O'Hare said.
An inverted yield curve is the unusual situation where short-term interest rates are higher than long-term interest rates, and is often a signal of an impending recession.
- Key figures at around 1330 GMT -
New York - Dow: DOWN 0.6 percent at 30,722.56
EURO STOXX 50: DOWN 0.7 percent at 3,499.78
Frankfurt - DAX: DOWN 0.3 percent at 12,707.24
Paris - CAC 40: DOWN 1.0 percent at 6,015.85
London - FTSE 100: Closed for queen's funeral
Hong Kong - Hang Seng Index: DOWN 1.0 percent at 18,565.97 (close)
Shanghai - Composite: DOWN 0.4 percent at 3,115.60 (close)
Tokyo - Nikkei 225: Closed for holiday
Pound/dollar: DOWN at $1.1369 from $1.1423 on Friday
Euro/pound: UP at 87.79 pence from 87.00 pence
Euro/dollar: DOWN at $0.9983 from $1.0018
Dollar/yen: UP at 143.45 yen from 142.91 yen
West Texas Intermediate: DOWN 3.5 percent at $81.81 per barrel
Brent North Sea crude: DOWN 2.7 percent at $88.67 per barrel