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Australian public debt blows out on virus-driven welfare payment boost

Colin Packham and Swati Pandey
·2-min read
The new Treasurer Josh Frydenberg attends the swearing-in ceremony in Canberra
The new Treasurer Josh Frydenberg attends the swearing-in ceremony in Canberra

By Colin Packham and Swati Pandey

SYDNEY (Reuters) - Australian government debt has jumped to nearly 25% of gross domestic product (GDP), Treasurer Josh Frydenberg said on Friday, after Canberra drastically increased welfare payments as unemployment surged due to COVID-19 business closures.

Government debt for the year-ended June 30 totalled A$491.2 billion ($346.6 billion), or 24.8% of the country's GDP, Frydenberg said ahead of the federal budget on Oct. 6.

That soared from 19.2% at June 2019 and was slightly higher than Australia's official forecast of 24.6% in July.

The massive fiscal stimulus has led the Treasurer to abandon a long-held aspiration to return the budget to surplus as he signalled fiscal policy will remain accommodative at least until the unemployment rate is "comfortably" back below 6%.

Australia is in its first recession in three decades with policymakers expecting unemployment to rise to about 10% in coming months from 6.8% in August.

On Friday, Frydenberg estimated a budget deficit of A$85.3 billion for the last financial year.

The deficit is projected to skyrocket to A$185 billion in the current financial year-ending in June 2021, more than three times the previous record of A$54.5 billion seen during the 2008/09 global financial crisis.

At 9.7% of GDP, this would be the highest since the end of World War Two.

"The road back will be long, bumpy and hard," Frydenberg said.

The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) will hold its monthly policy meeting on Oct. 6, hours before the budget, and some economists are predicting a cut to the cash rate to 0.10% from a record low of 0.25% now.

(Reporting by Colin Packham; Editing by Tom Hogue and Sam Holmes)