(Bloomberg) -- Nations across Europe are pushing ahead with fast-track Covid-19 jab programs, even as significant proportions of the public from France to Sweden remain opposed to the idea. The U.K. is hoping to inoculate millions of Britons before year-end, while Spain aims at vaccinating up to 20 million people by June. Sweden expects to get enough doses next quarter to immunize a fifth of the population.The U.S. posted another day of record Covid-19 infections and deaths, as overburdened hospitals around the nation brace for a surge in cases after Thanksgiving. Switzerland added the U.S., Poland and parts of Italy to its list of countries requiring travelers to quarantine. Poland’s virus death toll approached 20,000, while Hungary, Serbia and Slovenia saw record fatalities.The U.K. reported a decline in the reproduction range, or R number, for the virus’s spread in the country. In Asia, Japan’s Osaka prefecture raised its alert to the highest level following an increase in serious cases. South Korea’s number of newly confirmed cases climbed to the highest since early March.Key Developments:Global Tracker: Cases exceed 65 million; deaths top 1.5 millionTracking the coronavirus vaccines that will end the pandemicCovid fighters run out of weapons with virus spreading in homesCovid’s Sun-Belt return targets Miami, Phoenix and Las VegasOperation Warp Speed and U.K. vaccine drive leave Europe behindN.Y. developers hire influencers to sell homes during CovidSubscribe to a daily update on the virus from Bloomberg’s Prognosis team here. Click CVIDSweden Unveils Vaccine Strategy After 26% Reject Immunization (9:48 a.m. NY)Swedish health authorities acknowledged they need to convert vaccine doubters -- currently just over a quarter of the population -- if they’re to reach enough people to achieve herd immunity.Only 46% of Swedes say they want to be vaccinated, while 26% say they don’t, according to a recent Novus poll. Herd immunity comes when enough people in a community have developed immunity through being either infected or vaccinated. For Covid-19, the percentage is estimated to range from 55% to 82%.U.K. Virus R Number Extends Decline (8:45 a.m. NY)The U.K. said that the latest R number for the coronavirus in the country is between 0.8-1.0 and the growth rate range is -3% to -1% per day.On Nov. 27, the gauge was at 0.9-1.0, down from as high as 1.0-1.2 on Nov. 13. The R number is the number of people, on average, one person with coronavirus will give the virus to.French Increasingly Reluctant to Get Covid-19 Vaccine (8:39 a.m. NY)The French are increasingly unwilling to get vaccinated against Covid-19, with 53% of those in a November survey planning to get the shot, down from 64% in July, health authorities said in a weekly coronavirus bulletin.In the July survey, 67% of naysayers cited the new vaccines not being safe as the reason not to get the shot, while 18% opposed vaccination in general. Health authorities didn’t provide a breakdown of reasons in the November survey. France has said it won’t make the Covid-19 vaccine compulsory.Swedish Health Agency Sees Cap on Gatherings as Christmas Guide (8:03 a.m. NY)Sweden’s public health authority said the current ban of public gatherings of more than eight people is a suitable guideline for people to follow over Christmas and New Year.The country hasn’t decided on a firm cap for people wishing to socialize over the festive period, “but we have earlier had eight people as the norm,” the agency’s General-Director Johan Carlson told news agency TT.Spain Expects to Vaccinate up to 20 Million People by June (7:43 a.m. NY)Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez said in a briefing Friday that he expects Spain will have given Covid-19 shots to 15 million to 20 million people by June. Elderly people in nursery houses and their staff, followed by health workers, will be vaccinated in the first phase of about 2.5 million people.Iceland Vaccine Program Aims for Herd Immunity by End of March (6:48 a.m. NY)Iceland aims to achieve herd immunity by vaccinating 75% of its population against Covid-19 by the end of March.A contract with Pfizer for enough vaccines to inoculate 85,000 people is expected to be signed next week, the Health Ministry said in a statement. Iceland, which is covered by the European Union’s procurement program, has already entered an agreement with AstraZeneca for enough doses to vaccinate 115,000 individuals. Agreements with Moderna and Janssen are also in the works, it said.Swiss Add U.S., Poland to Covid Travel Quarantine List (6:45 a.m. NY)Switzerland’s Federal Office of Public Health has added the U.S., Poland, parts of Italy and several other destinations to its list of countries requiring travelers to quarantine, according to its website. The change applies to people arriving as of December 14, it said.Poland’s Virus Deaths Near 20,000; Record Slovenia Fatalities (5:26 p.m. HK)Poland registered 13,239 new coronavirus cases in the last 24 hours, compared with 14,838 on Thursday, taking total number of infected to 1,041,846, the Health Ministry said on its website. The nation’s Covid-19 death toll increased by 531 to 19,359.Slovenia confirmed a daily record of 61 deaths from Covid-19 a day after the government published its plan of easing the lock-down measures.Glaxo-Backed Vaccine Shows Strong Immune Response in Early Trial (5:23 p.m. HK)A Covid-19 vaccine project supported by GlaxoSmithKline Plc is headed for advanced trials after showing a strong immune response in early studies. Sichuan Clover Biopharmaceuticals Inc. of China said its shot induced neutralizing antibodies and proved to be safe in a study of 150 adults and elderly volunteers. The vaccine uses adjuvants -- agents that boost a vaccine’s response -- from both Glaxo and Dynavax Technologies Corp.Sweden Aims to Get 2 Million Vaccines in First Quarter (5:16 p.m. HK)Sweden expects to get enough Covid-19 vaccines to immunize a fifth of the population in the first quarter of 2021, Prime Minister Stefan Lofven said Friday.The nation has secured vaccines from Pfizer Inc., Moderna Inc., AstraZeneca Plc, Janssen Pharmaceuticals Inc and CureVac NV through European Union agreements. Immunizations are scheduled to start on a smaller scale in January, with 4 million doses -- enough for 2 million people - expected to be delivered by the end of March.The vaccination program will give priority to residents and staff at care homes, as well as the elderly receiving assistance at home, Public Health Agency director-general Johan Carlson said at a news briefing.Hungary Unlikely to Ease Virus Curbs as Deaths Hit Record (4:13 p.m. HK)Hungary reported a record 189 Covid deaths Friday, and has more than 7,800 patients still in hospital. Prime Minister Viktor Orban’s coronavirus advisers are strictly opposed to a major easing of the country’s current pandemic measures, the premier said Friday in a state radio interview.India to Start Covid Vaccination as Soon as Approved (3:45 p.m. HK)Indian scientists working on a vaccine for Covid-19 are confident of being successful, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said. Experts think the inoculation could be ready in the next few weeks, and the nation would start vaccinations as soon as there is green light from scientists, he said at an all-party meeting Friday.U.K. Hopes to Vaccinate Millions of Britons by End-2020 (3:20 p.m. HK)Most of the first batch of 800,000 doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech coronavirus vaccine secured by the U.K. have already reached the nation, and the government hopes to inoculate millions of Britons before the year is out, Britain’s Business Secretary Alok Sharma said in an interview with Sky News.Japan Still Sees Stimulus Role for Travel Despite Virus (3:09 p.m. HK)Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga’s government remains committed to extending domestic travel subsidies as part of a stimulus package, despite rising virus cases stretching hospital resources in some of Japan’s biggest cities.Seoul to Close Stores, Theaters to Fight Virus (1:43 p.m. HK)Seoul will close stores, theaters, internet cafes, department stores after 9pm for two weeks starting Dec. 5 as well as cut the frequency of public transportation after 9pm.Its mayor urged citizens to stop late night, outside activities after 9pm for two weeks. This comes as the number of newly confirmed cases in the capital reached a record 295 in the latest tally.Philippines Allows Conventions in Malls, Hotels (11:36 a.m. HK)Philippines has allowed hotels, malls and restaurants to host meetings and conventions after reported coronavirus infections declined in the past days.Economic managers are pushing to further reopen the economy that’s forecast to shrink as much as 9.5% this year. The Philippines has the second-worst outbreak in Southeast Asia, even as daily cases have declined over the past days.South Korea’s Newly Confirmed Cases at Highest since March (8:43 a.m. HK)South Korea reports 629 new coronavirus cases in 24 hours vs. 540 a day earlier, according to data from the Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency’s website.The number of newly confirmed cases was at the highest since early March and officials are eyeing more steps to curb the virus spread.Japan’s Second-Biggest Region on Highest Alert (7:14 a.m. HK)The Osaka prefectural government raised its virus alert to the highest level after a rise in serious cases put strain on its medical system.Governor Hirofumi Yoshimura, at a news conference late Thursday, urged residents to stay home until Dec. 15. Schools will remain open but bars and restaurants in certain districts are being asked to close early.Osaka reported 386 new cases Thursday; number of patients with serious conditions rose to 136, meaning two-thirds of hospital beds have been occupied, according to Kyodo.Biden Says He’ll Ask All Americans to Wear Masks for 100 Days (7:06 a.m. HK)President-elect Joe Biden said he would ask all Americans to wear a mask to prevent the spread of the coronavirus for the first 100 days of his administration as well as issue a “standing order” requiring face coverings in federal buildings and on all interstate transportation.“Not forever, for 100 days,” he said. “And I think we’ll see a significant reduction” in infections.North Carolina Hits Record Cases, Hospitalizations (7 a.m. HK)North Carolina reported a record 5,637 new infections and the highest number of hospitalizations since the pandemic began. Governor Roy Cooper urged residents to “take personal responsibility” in following the state’s mask order and other health measures but warned of tighter restrictions. “Everything is on the table in weeks to come,” he told reporters, according to the Raleigh News and Observer.Texas’ Caseload Explodes (6:17 p.m. NY)Texas logged its fourth straight day of 10,000-plus new virus cases, the longest such streak since the height of the state’s initial outbreak in July, state health department figures showed.The second-largest U.S. state posted 13,857 new diagnoses, driving the cumulative total to 1.22 million. Virus hospitalizations climbed for a sixth straight day, reaching 9,151, a 54% increase from a month ago, the data showed.For more articles like this, please visit us at bloomberg.comSubscribe now to stay ahead with the most trusted business news source.©2020 Bloomberg L.P.