UK markets closed
  • NIKKEI 225

    27,935.62
    +113.86 (+0.41%)
     
  • HANG SENG

    23,658.92
    +183.66 (+0.78%)
     
  • CRUDE OIL

    65.84
    -0.34 (-0.51%)
     
  • GOLD FUTURES

    1,782.00
    +5.50 (+0.31%)
     
  • DOW

    34,549.68
    +65.96 (+0.19%)
     
  • BTC-GBP

    43,331.38
    -247.82 (-0.57%)
     
  • CMC Crypto 200

    1,469.46
    +0.38 (+0.03%)
     
  • ^IXIC

    15,532.46
    -5.23 (-0.03%)
     
  • ^FTAS

    4,089.19
    +63.32 (+1.57%)
     

Thomson Reuters Corp - QRT 3rd Quarter Results

  • Oops!
    Something went wrong.
    Please try again later.
·39-min read
In this article:
  • Oops!
    Something went wrong.
    Please try again later.

Thomson Reuters Reports Third-Quarter 2021 Results

TORONTO, Nov. 2, 2021 /PRNewswire/ -- Thomson Reuters (TSX/NYSE: TRI) today reported results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2021:

  • Total company revenue up 6% / organic revenue up 5%

    • Revenue for four of five business segments grew 6% organically

  • Raised full-year 2021 revenue guidance

    • Total company revenue forecast increased to 4.5% - 5.0% from 4.0% - 4.5%

    • "Big 3" segments revenue forecast increased to approximately 6.0% from 5.5% - 6.0%

  • Raised full-year 2021 free cash flow guidance to approximately $1.2 billion from $1.1 - $1.2 billion

  • Reaffirmed full-year 2022 and 2023 guidance, with minor adjustments to 2022 Change Program spend

  • Change Program on track - achieved $132 million run-rate operating expense savings through September 30

  • Repurchased $1.1 billion of company shares under $1.2 billion buyback program through October 31

"The momentum we saw in the first half of the year continued into the third quarter with revenue and sales performance above our expectations and consistent across the business. This strong performance reflects how our products fit the needs of our customers, enabling them to better serve their own clients in a rapidly changing workplace. It also demonstrates our leading positions in healthy and growing markets. Based on our strong financial performance and our confidence in the trajectory of the business for the remainder of the year, we have again increased our full-year 2021 revenue guidance," said Steve Hasker, president and CEO of Thomson Reuters.

Mr. Hasker added, "While the third quarter was another strong one, we still have a lot to achieve. We are focused on building a leading content-driven technology company, and our talented teams continue to work ambitiously towards that goal. I am very pleased with our achievements to date and believe we are well positioned to build on this progress in 2022."

Consolidated Financial Highlights - Three Months Ended September 30

Three Months Ended September 30,
(Millions of U.S. dollars, except for adjusted EBITDA margin and EPS)
(unaudited)

IFRS Financial Measures(1)

2021

2020

Change

Change at
Constant
Currency

Revenues

$1,526

$1,443

6%

Operating profit

$282

$318

-11%

Diluted (loss) earnings per share (EPS)

$(0.49)

$0.48

n/m

Net cash provided by operating activities

$534

$581

-9%

Non-IFRS Financial Measures(1)

Revenues

$1,526

$1,443

6%

5%

Adjusted EBITDA

$458

$491

-7%

-7%

Adjusted EBITDA margin

30.0%

34.0%

-400bp

-410bp

Adjusted EPS

$0.46

$0.39

18%

15%

Free cash flow

$383

$541

-30%


(1) In addition to results reported in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), the company uses certain non-IFRS
financial measures as supplemental indicators of its operating performance and financial position. These and other non-IFRS financial
measures are defined and reconciled to the most directly comparable IFRS measures in the tables appended to this news release.


n/m: not meaningful

Revenues increased 6%, driven by growth across four of the company's five business segments and a 1% favorable impact from foreign currency.

  • Organic revenues increased 5%, driven by 6% growth in recurring revenues (81% of total revenues), as well as 8% growth in transactions revenues. Global Print revenues declined.

  • The company's "Big 3" segments (Legal Professionals, Corporates and Tax & Accounting Professionals), which collectively comprised 79% of total revenues, reported organic revenue growth of 6%.

Operating profit decreased 11% as the prior-year period included a significant benefit from the revaluation of warrants that the company previously held in Refinitiv, which was sold to London Stock Exchange Group (LSEG) in January 2021. Higher revenues and lower depreciation and amortization more than offset higher costs which included costs associated with the company's Change Program. Additional information regarding the Change Program is provided later in this news release.

  • Adjusted EBITDA, which excludes the impact of the warrant revaluation among other items, declined 7% as higher revenues were more than offset by higher costs, which included costs associated with the company's Change Program. The related margin decreased to 30.0% from 34.0% primarily because costs from the Change Program negatively impacted the margin by 350bp.

Diluted loss per share of $0.49 was due to a decrease in value of the company's LSEG investment as compared to diluted earnings per share of $0.48 in the prior-year period.

  • Adjusted EPS, which excludes the change in value of the company's LSEG investment, as well as other adjustments, increased to $0.46 per share from $0.39 per share in the prior-year period as lower depreciation and amortization and lower income taxes offset lower adjusted EBITDA.

Net cash provided by operating activities decreased as higher revenues were more than offset by higher expenses, which included Change Program costs, and higher tax payments.

  • Free cash flow decreased due to lower cash flow from operating activities and because the prior-year period included proceeds from the sale of real estate.

Highlights by Customer Segment - Three Months Ended September 30

(Millions of U.S. dollars, except for adjusted EBITDA margins)
(unaudited)

Three Months Ended

September 30,

Change

2021

2020

Total

Constant
Currency


Organic(1)

Revenues

Legal Professionals

$682

$636

7%

6%

6%

Corporates

356

333

7%

6%

6%

Tax & Accounting Professionals

175

165

6%

6%

6%

"Big 3" Segments Combined

1,213

1,134

7%

6%

6%

Reuters News

164

154

6%

6%

6%

Global Print

149

154

-3%

-5%

-5%

Eliminations/Rounding

-

1

Revenues

$1,526

$1,443

6%

5%

5%

Adjusted EBITDA

Legal Professionals

$288

$272

6%

4%

Corporates

131

120

9%

9%

Tax & Accounting Professionals

49

47

4%

6%

"Big 3" Segments Combined

468

439

7%

6%

Reuters News

25

23

4%

8%

Global Print

52

64

-18%

-19%

Corporate costs

(87)

(35)

n/a

n/a

Adjusted EBITDA

$458

$491

-7%

-7%

Adjusted EBITDA Margin

Legal Professionals

42.3%

42.8%

-50bp

-80bp

Corporates

36.8%

36.0%

80bp

80bp

Tax & Accounting Professionals

28.0%

28.5%

-50bp

-20bp

"Big 3" Segments Combined

38.6%

38.7%

-10bp

-20bp

Reuters News

14.9%

15.2%

-30bp

20bp

Global Print

35.0%

41.1%

-610bp

-630bp

Corporate costs

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

Adjusted EBITDA margin

30.0%

34.0%

-400bp

-410bp

n/a: not applicable
(1) Computed for revenue growth only.

Unless otherwise noted, all revenue growth comparisons by customer segment in this news release are at constant currency (or exclude the impact of foreign currency) as Thomson Reuters believes this provides the best basis to measure their performance.

Legal Professionals

Revenues increased 6% (all organic) to $682 million.

  • Recurring revenues grew 6% (93% of total, all organic), primarily due to strong performances from Practical Law, Westlaw Edge, FindLaw and the Government business as well as contributions from the company's Canadian, European and Asian & Emerging Markets businesses.

  • Transactions revenues grew 10% (7% of total, all organic), primarily related to Elite, FindLaw and the Government businesses.

Adjusted EBITDA increased 6% to $288 million.

  • The margin decreased to 42.3% from 42.8%, primarily due to year-over-year timing of expenses such as marketing and selling costs.

Corporates

Revenues increased 6% (all organic) to $356 million, primarily due to strong recurring revenue growth, including strong performance from Practical Law, Indirect Tax and CLEAR as well as contributions from the company's Latin American and Asian businesses.

  • Recurring revenues grew 7% (87% of total, all organic) driven by Practical Law, Indirect Tax and CLEAR as well as the company's businesses in Latin America and Asia & Emerging Markets.

  • Transactions revenues grew 2% (13% of total, all organic).

Adjusted EBITDA increased 9% to $131 million.

  • The margin increased to 36.8% from 36.0%, primarily due to higher revenues.

Tax & Accounting Professionals

Revenues increased 6% (all organic) to $175 million, reflecting recurring revenue growth of 10% and a 9% decline in transactions revenues.

  • Recurring revenues grew 10% (84% of total, all organic), driven by strong growth from the company's Latin American businesses and audit solutions, which includes Confirmation.

  • Transactions revenues decreased 9% (16% of total, all organic), primarily due to the year-over-year timing of the U.S. federal tax filing deadlines for individuals moving from the third quarter of 2020 to the second quarter of 2021.

    • Normalizing for the shift in the U.S. federal tax filing deadline, organic revenues increased 11%.

Adjusted EBITDA increased 4% to $49 million.

  • The margin decreased to 28.0% from 28.5%, primarily due to the year-over-year timing of revenue related to the U.S. federal tax filing deadline.

The Tax & Accounting Professionals segment is the company's most seasonal business with approximately 60% of full-year revenues typically generated in the first and fourth quarters. As a result, the margin performance of this segment has been generally higher in the first and fourth quarters as costs are typically incurred in a more linear fashion throughout the year.

Reuters News

Revenues of $164 million increased 6%, all organic, primarily due to the Agency business and Professional business, including Reuters Events, which grew over 60% organically compared to the prior-year period, which was negatively impacted by COVID-19.

  • Reuters Events continues to hold nearly all events virtually and continues to assess when a return to regular in-person events can resume based on local health guidelines and feedback from customers.

Adjusted EBITDA increased 4% to $25 million, primarily due to higher revenues.

Global Print

Revenues decreased 5% to $149 million, as expected. Global Print's full-year 2021 revenues are forecast to decline between 4% and 6%.

Adjusted EBITDA decreased 18% to $52 million.

  • The margin decreased to 35.0% from 41.1% due to decreased revenues and the dilutive impact of lower margin third-party print revenue.

Corporate Costs

Corporate costs at the adjusted EBITDA level were $87 million and included $53 million of Change Program costs. Corporate costs were $35 million in the prior-year period. Additional information regarding the Change Program is provided below.

Consolidated Financial Highlights - Nine Months Ended September 30

Nine Months Ended September 30,
(Millions of U.S. dollars, except for adjusted EBITDA margin and EPS)
(unaudited)

IFRS Financial Measures(1)

2021

2020

Change

Change at
Constant
Currency

Revenues

$4,638

$4,368

6%

Operating profit

$985

$973

1%

Diluted earnings per share (EPS)

$11.80

$1.12

n/m

Net cash provided by operating activities

$1,376

$1,179

17%

Non-IFRS Financial Measures(1)

Revenues

$4,638

$4,368

6%

5%

Adjusted EBITDA

$1,518

$1,450

5%

4%

Adjusted EBITDA margin

32.7%

33.2%

-50bp

-30bp

Adjusted EPS

$1.52

$1.31

16%

15%

Free cash flow

$1,001

$881

13%


(1) In addition to results reported in accordance with IFRS, the company uses certain non-IFRS financial measures as supplemental
indicators of its operating performance and financial position. These and other non-IFRS financial measures are defined and reconciled
to the most directly comparable IFRS measures in the tables appended to this news release.

n/m: not meaningful

Revenues increased 6% related to growth in recurring and transactions revenues and a 1% favorable impact from foreign currency.

  • Organic revenues increased 5% primarily due to 5% growth in recurring revenues (79% of total revenues) as well as growth in transactions revenues. Global Print revenues declined.

  • The company's "Big 3" segments, which collectively comprised 80% of total revenues, reported organic revenue growth of 6%.

Operating profit increased 1% as higher revenues helped to offset higher costs, which included costs associated with the company's Change Program, as well as a benefit associated with the revaluation of the Refinitiv warrants in the prior-year period.

  • Adjusted EBITDA which excludes the impact of the warrant revaluation among other items, increased 5% as higher revenues more than offset higher costs. The related margin decreased to 32.7% from 33.2% in the prior-year period. Adjusted EBITDA margin was negatively impacted by 230bp due to Change Program costs.

Diluted EPS increased to $11.80 per share from $1.12 per share in the prior-year period due to the gain on the sale of Refinitiv to LSEG in January 2021.

  • Adjusted EPS, which excludes the gain on the sale of Refinitiv, as well as other adjustments, increased to $1.52 per share from $1.31 per share in the prior-year period, primarily due to higher adjusted EBITDA and lower income tax expense.

Net cash provided by operating activities increased as higher revenues and favorable movements in working capital (including lower annual incentive bonus payments, which were due to the impact of COVID-19 in 2020) more than offset higher tax payments and expenses, which included Change Program costs.

  • Free cash flow increased as higher cash flows from operating activities more than offset a prior-year period benefit from the proceeds associated with the sale of real estate.

Highlights by Customer Segment - Nine Months Ended September 30

(Millions of U.S. dollars, except for adjusted EBITDA margins)
(unaudited)

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

Change

2021

2020

Total

Constant
Currency


Organic(1)

Revenues

Legal Professionals

$2,023

$1,882

7%

6%

6%

Corporates

1,088

1,029

6%

5%

5%

Tax & Accounting Professionals

597

551

8%

8%

8%

"Big 3" Segments Combined

3,708

3,462

7%

6%

6%

Reuters News

492

464

6%

5%

5%

Global Print

439

443

-1%

-3%

-3%

Eliminations/Rounding

(1)

(1)

Revenues

$4,638

$4,368

6%

5%

5%

Adjusted EBITDA

Legal Professionals

$852

$756

13%

11%

Corporates

407

355

15%

14%

Tax & Accounting Professionals

219

185

18%

18%

"Big 3" Segments Combined

1,478

1,296

14%

13%

Reuters News

88

67

30%

44%

Global Print

165

181

-9%

-11%

Corporate costs

(213)

(94)

n/a

n/a

Adjusted EBITDA

$1,518

$1,450

5%

4%

Adjusted EBITDA Margin

Legal Professionals

42.1%

40.2%

190bp

180bp

Corporates

37.4%

34.5%

290bp

310bp

Tax & Accounting Professionals

36.6%

33.6%

300bp

310bp

"Big 3" Segments Combined

39.9%

37.4%

250bp

230bp

Reuters News

17.8%

14.5%

330bp

540bp

Global Print

37.5%

40.7%

-320bp

-340bp

Corporate costs

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

Adjusted EBITDA margin

32.7%

33.2%

-50bp

-30bp

n/a: not applicable
(1) Computed for revenue growth only.

Thomson Reuters Change Program and Outlook

In February 2021, the company announced a two-year Change Program to transition from a holding company to an operating company, and from a content provider to a content-driven technology company. The program is expected to take 24 months (2021-2022) to largely complete and is projected to require an investment of between $500 million and $600 million during the course of that time. The company's 2021, 2022 and 2023 outlook is appended to this release.

The company's three-year outlook incorporates the forecasted impacts associated with the Change Program, assumes constant currency rates, and excludes the impact of any future acquisitions or dispositions that may occur during those periods. Thomson Reuters believes that this type of guidance provides useful insight into the performance of its businesses.

While the company's third-quarter 2021 performance provides it with increasing confidence about its outlook, the global economy continues to experience substantial disruption due to concerns regarding resurgences and new strains of COVID-19, as well as from the measures intended to mitigate its impact. Any worsening of the global economic or business environment could impact the company's ability to achieve its outlook.

Today, the company reaffirmed and increased part of its full-year outlook for 2021, which is reflected in the table below. The company also reaffirmed its full-year outlook for 2022 and 2023, except for a minor increase to 2022 Change Program spend, reflecting the carryover of the lower than expected spend in 2021.

Update to Full-Year 2021 Outlook

Total Thomson Reuters

Original
FY 2021
Outlook
(February 23, 2021)

FY 2021
Outlook
Update
(May 4, 2021)

FY 2021
Outlook
Update
(August 5, 2021)

FY 2021
Outlook
Update
(November 2, 2021)

Total Revenue Growth

3.0% - 4.0%

3.5% - 4.0%

4.0% - 4.5%

4.5% - 5.0%

Organic Revenue Growth

3.0% - 4.0%

3.5% - 4.0%

4.0% - 4.5%

4.5% - 5.0%

Adjusted EBITDA Margin

30% - 31%

Unchanged

31% - 32%

Unchanged

Corporate Costs
Core Corporate Costs
Change Program Operating Expenses

$305 - $340 million
$130 - $140 million
$175 - $200 million

Unchanged

Unchanged

$305 - $330 million
Unchanged
$175 - $190 million

Free Cash Flow

$1.0 - $1.1 billion

Unchanged

$1.1 - $1.2 billion

~ $1.2 billion

Capital Expenditures - % of Revenue
Change Program Capital Expenditures

9.0% - 9.5%
$125 - $150 million

Unchanged

Unchanged

Unchanged
$115 - $130 million

Depreciation & Amortization of
Computer Software

$650 - $675 million

Unchanged

Unchanged

Unchanged

Interest Expense (P&L)

$190 - $210 million

Unchanged

Unchanged

Unchanged

Effective Tax Rate on Adjusted Earnings

16% - 18%

Unchanged

Unchanged

14% - 16%

Big 3 Segments
(Legal Professionals, Corporates and
Tax & Accounting Professionals)

Original
FY 2021
Outlook
(February 23, 2021)

FY 2021
Outlook
Update
(May 4, 2021)

FY 2021
Outlook
Update
(August 5, 2021)

FY 2021
Outlook
Update
(November 2, 2021)

Total Revenue Growth

4.5% - 5.5%

5.0% - 5.5%

5.5% - 6.0%

~ 6.0%

Organic Revenue Growth

4.5% - 5.5%

5.0% - 5.5%

5.5% - 6.0%

~ 6.0%

Adjusted EBITDA Margin

38% - 39%

Unchanged

~ 39%

Unchanged

The information in this section is forward-looking. Actual results, which include the impact of currency and future acquisitions and dispositions completed during 2021, 2022 and 2023, may differ materially from the company's outlook. Some of the forward-looking financial measures in the outlook above are provided on a non-IFRS basis. See the section below entitled "Non-IFRS Financial Measures" for more information. The information in this section should also be read in conjunction with the section below entitled "Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements, Material Risks and Material Assumptions."

Share Repurchases - Update on $1.2B Buyback Program

In August 2021, Thomson Reuters announced that it plans to buy back up to $1.2 billion of its common shares. The new buyback program is in addition to a $200 million repurchase program that was completed earlier this year.

From August 2021 through October 31, 2021, the company repurchased approximately $1.1 billion of its common shares under the new buyback program. As of October 31, 2021, Thomson Reuters had approximately 487.1 million common shares outstanding.

Dividends

In February 2021, the company announced a $0.10 per share annualized increase in the dividend to $1.62 per common share, representing the 28th consecutive year of dividend increases. A quarterly dividend of $0.405 per share is payable on December 15, 2021 to common shareholders of record as of November 18, 2021.

London Stock Exchange Group (LSEG) Ownership Interest

In January 2021, Thomson Reuters and private equity funds affiliated with Blackstone sold Refinitiv to LSEG in an all-share transaction. Thomson Reuters indirectly owns LSEG shares through an entity that it jointly owns with Blackstone's consortium and a group of current LSEG and former Refinitiv senior management.

As of October 31, 2021, Thomson Reuters indirectly owned approximately 72.4 million LSEG shares which had a market value of approximately $7.1 billion based on LSEG's closing share price on that day. The company received $51 million of dividends from its LSEG investment in June 2021 and an additional $24 million in October 2021.

In March 2021, as permitted under a lock-up exception, Thomson Reuters sold approximately 10.1 million LSEG shares for pre-tax net proceeds of $994 million. Over the course of 2021, Thomson Reuters will pay approximately $225 million of tax on the sale of these shares and will use the after-tax proceeds to pay the approximately $640 million of taxes that became payable when the Refinitiv sale closed. In the nine-month period ended September 30, 2021, the company paid $662 million of taxes related to these transactions.

Thomson Reuters

Thomson Reuters is a leading provider of business information services. Our products include highly specialized information-enabled software and tools for legal, tax, accounting and compliance professionals combined with the world's most global news service – Reuters. For more information on Thomson Reuters, visit tr.com and for the latest world news, reuters.com.

NON-IFRS FINANCIAL MEASURES

Thomson Reuters prepares its financial statements in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB).

This news release includes certain non-IFRS financial measures, such as adjusted EBITDA and the related margin (other than at the customer segment level), net debt to adjusted EBITDA leverage ratio, free cash flow, adjusted EPS, selected measures excluding the impact of foreign currency, and changes in revenues computed on an organic basis. Thomson Reuters uses these non-IFRS financial measures as supplemental indicators of its operating performance and financial position. These measures do not have any standardized meanings prescribed by IFRS and therefore are unlikely to be comparable to the calculation of similar measures used by other companies, and should not be viewed as alternatives to measures of financial performance calculated in accordance with IFRS. Non-IFRS financial measures are defined and reconciled to the most directly comparable IFRS measures in the appended tables.

The company's outlook contains various non-IFRS financial measures. The company believes that providing reconciliations of forward-looking non-IFRS financial measures in its outlook would be potentially misleading and not practical due to the difficulty of projecting items that are not reflective of ongoing operations in any future period. The magnitude of these items may be significant. Consequently, for outlook purposes only, the company is unable to reconcile these non-IFRS measures to the most comparable IFRS measures because it cannot predict, with reasonable certainty, the 2021, 2022 and 2023 impacts of changes in foreign exchange rates which impact (i) the translation of its results reported at average foreign currency rates for the year, and (ii) other finance income or expense related to intercompany financing arrangements. Additionally, the company cannot reasonably predict (i) its share of post-tax earnings (losses) in equity method investments, which is subject to changes in the stock price of LSEG or (ii) the occurrence or amount of other operating gains and losses that generally arise from business transactions that the company does not currently anticipate.

ROUNDING

Other than EPS, the company reports its results in millions of U.S. dollars, but computes percentage changes and margins using whole dollars to be more precise. As a result, percentages and margins calculated from reported amounts may differ from those presented, and growth components may not total due to rounding.

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS, MATERIAL RISKS AND MATERIAL ASSUMPTIONS

Certain statements in this news release, including, but not limited to, statements in Mr. Hasker's comments, the "Thomson Reuters Change Program and Outlook" section, and the company's expectations regarding Global Print and share repurchases, are forward-looking. The words "will", "expect", "believe", "target", "estimate", "could", "should", "intend", "predict", "project" and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. While the company believes that it has a reasonable basis for making forward-looking statements in this news release, they are not a guarantee of future performance or outcomes and there is no assurance that any of the other events described in any forward-looking statement will materialize. Forward-looking statements, including those related to the COVID-19 pandemic, are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from current expectations. Many of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions are beyond the company's control and the effects of them can be difficult to predict. In particular, the full extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the company's business, operations and financial results will depend on numerous evolving factors that it may not be able to accurately predict.

Some of the material risk factors that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those expressed in or implied by forward-looking statements in this news release include, but are not limited to, those discussed on pages 16-30 in the "Risk Factors" section of the company's annual report for the year ended December 31, 2020. These and other risk factors are discussed in materials that Thomson Reuters from time to time files with, or furnishes to, the Canadian securities regulatory authorities and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Thomson Reuters annual and quarterly reports are also available in the "Investor Relations" section of tr.com.

The company's business outlook is based on information currently available to the company and is based on various external and internal assumptions made by the company in light of its experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments (including those related to the COVID-19 pandemic), as well as other factors that the company believes are appropriate under the circumstances. Material assumptions and material risks may cause actual performance to differ from the company's expectations underlying its business outlook, which reflects the global economic crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. For a discussion of material assumptions and material risks related to the company's outlook, please see pages 22-23 of the company's second-quarter management's discussion and analysis (MD&A) for the period ended June 30, 2021. Material assumptions and material risks related to the company's outlook will also be included in the company's third-quarter MD&A for the period ended September 30, 2021, expected to be filed shortly. The company's MD&A is filed with, or furnished to, the Canadian securities regulatory authorities and the U.S. SEC and is also available in the "Investor Relations" section of tr.com.

The company has provided an updated Outlook for the purpose of presenting information about current expectations for the periods presented. This information may not be appropriate for other purposes. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements which reflect expectations only as of the date of this news release.

Except as may be required by applicable law, Thomson Reuters disclaims any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, including those related to the COVID-19 pandemic.

CONTACTS


MEDIA
Melissa Cassar
Head of Commercial Communications & Corporate Affairs
+1 437 388 3619
melissa.cassar@tr.com


INVESTORS
Frank J. Golden
Head of Investor Relations
+1 332 219 1111
frank.golden@tr.com

Thomson Reuters will webcast a discussion of its third-quarter 2021 results and its business outlook today beginning at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time (EDT). You can access the webcast by visiting ir.tr.com. An archive of the webcast will be available following the presentation.

Thomson Reuters Corporation
2021 - 2023 Outlook

Total Thomson Reuters

2021
Outlook
Updated

2022
Outlook
Reaffirmed

2023
Outlook
Reaffirmed

Total Revenue Growth

4.5% - 5.0%

4.0% - 5.0%

5.0% - 6.0%

Organic Revenue Growth

4.5% - 5.0%

4.0% - 5.0%

5.0% - 6.0%

Adjusted EBITDA Margin

31% - 32%

34% - 35%

38% – 40%

Corporate Costs
Core Corporate Costs
Change Program Operating Expenses

$305 - $330 million
$130 - $140 million
$175 - $190 million

$245 - $290 million
$120 - $130 million
$125 - $160 million

$110 - $120 million
$110 - $120 million
$0

Free Cash Flow

~ $1.2 billion

$1.2 - $1.3 billion

$1.8 - $2.0 billion

Capital Expenditures - % of Revenue
Change Program Capital Expenditures

9.0% - 9.5%
$115 - $130 million

7.5% - 8.0%
$85 - $120 million

6.0% - 6.5%
$0

Depreciation & Amortization of
Computer Software

$650 - $675 million

$620 - $645 million

$580 - $605 million

Interest Expense (P&L)

$190 - $210 million

$190 - $210 million

$190 - $210 million

Effective Tax Rate on Adjusted Earnings

14% - 16%

n/a

n/a

Big 3 Segments
(Legal Professionals, Corporates and
Tax & Accounting Professionals)

2021
Outlook
Updated

2022
Outlook
Reaffirmed

2023
Outlook
Reaffirmed

Total Revenue Growth

~ 6.0%

5.5% - 6.5%

6.0% - 7.0%

Organic Revenue Growth

~ 6.0%

5.5% - 6.5%

6.0% - 7.0%

Adjusted EBITDA Margin

~ 39%

41% - 42%

43% - 45%

The information in this section is forward-looking. Actual results, which include the impact of currency and future acquisitions and dispositions completed during 2021, 2022 and 2023, may differ materially from the company's outlook. Some of the forward-looking financial measures in the outlook above are provided on a non-IFRS basis. See the section above entitled "Non-IFRS Financial Measures" for more information. The information in this section should also be read in conjunction with the section above entitled "Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements, Material Risks and Material Assumptions."

Thomson Reuters Corporation

Consolidated Income Statement

(millions of U.S. dollars, except per share data)

(unaudited)

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

2021

2020

2021

2020

CONTINUING OPERATIONS

Revenues

$1,526

$1,443

$4,638

$4,368

Operating expenses

(1,060)

(955)

(3,114)

(2,901)

Depreciation

(40)

(61)

(128)

(144)

Amortization of computer software

(119)

(133)

(356)

(362)

Amortization of other identifiable intangible assets

(29)

(32)

(90)

(92)

Other operating gains, net

4

56

35

104

Operating profit

282

318

985

973

Finance costs, net:

Net interest expense

(46)

(49)

(146)

(146)

Other finance income

34

2

30

36

Income before tax and equity method investments

270

271

869

863

Share of post-tax (losses) earnings in equity method
investments

(672)

(178)

6,717

(385)

Tax benefit (expense)

161

147

(1,722)

84

(Loss) earnings from continuing operations

(241)

240

5,864

562

Earnings (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

1

1

-

(2)

Net (loss) earnings

$(240)

$241

$5,864

$560

(Loss) earnings attributable to common shareholders

$(240)

$241

$5,864

$560

Earnings (loss) per share:

Basic (loss) earnings per share:

From continuing operations

$(0.49)

$0.48

$11.83

$1.13

From discontinued operations

-

-

-

(0.01)

Basic (loss) earnings per share

$(0.49)

$0.48

$11.83

$1.12

Diluted (loss) earnings per share:

From continuing operations

$(0.49)

$0.48

$11.80

$1.12

From discontinued operations

-

-

-

-

Diluted (loss) earnings per share

$(0.49)

$0.48

$11.80

$1.12

Basic weighted-average common shares

494,624,854

497,090,942

495,515,310

496,544,202

Diluted weighted-average common shares

494,624,854

498,433,719

496,593,404

497,828,059

Thomson Reuters Corporation

Consolidated Statement of Financial Position

(millions of U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)

September 30,

December 31,

2021

2020

Assets

Cash and cash equivalents

$1,511

$1,787

Trade and other receivables

951

1,151

Other financial assets

83

612

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

463

425

Current assets

3,008

3,975

Property and equipment, net

473

545

Computer software, net

808

830

Other identifiable intangible assets, net

3,359

3,427

Goodwill

5,935

5,976

Equity method investments

7,225

1,136

Other non-current assets

1,148

788

Deferred tax

1,143

1,204

Total assets

$23,099

$17,881

Liabilities and equity

Liabilities

Payables, accruals and provisions

$1,226

$1,159

Current tax liabilities

398

251

Deferred revenue

838

866

Other financial liabilities

649

376

Current liabilities

3,111

2,652

Long-term indebtedness

3,782

3,772

Provisions and other non-current liabilities

971

1,083

Deferred tax

1,044

394

Total liabilities

8,908

7,901

Equity

Capital

5,463

5,458

Retained earnings

9,550

5,211

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(822)

(689)

Total equity

14,191

9,980

Total liabilities and equity

$23,099

$17,881

Thomson Reuters Corporation

Consolidated Statement of Cash Flow

(millions of U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)

Three Months Ended
September 30,

Nine Months Ended
September 30,

2021

2020

2021

2020

Cash provided by (used in):

Operating activities

(Loss) earnings from continuing operations

$(241)

$240

$5,864

$562

Adjustments for:

Depreciation

40

61

128

144

Amortization of computer software

119

133

356

362

Amortization of other identifiable intangible assets

29

32

90

92

Share of post-tax losses (earnings) in equity method investments

672

178

(6,717)

385

Deferred tax

(153)

(153)

770

(190)

Other

(7)

(10)

56

(16)

Changes in working capital and other items

101

103

901

(147)

Operating cash flows from continuing operations

560

584

1,448

1,192

Operating cash flows from discontinued operations

(26)

(3)

(72)

(13)

Net cash provided by operating activities

534

581

1,376

1,179

Investing activities

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

(2)

(43)

(5)

(165)

Proceeds from disposals of businesses and investments

13

-

28

1

Dividend from sale of LSEG shares

-

-

994

-

Capital expenditures

(131)

(117)

(364)

(404)

Proceeds from disposals of property and equipment

-

98

-

162

Other investing activities

3

-

56

2

Taxes paid on sale of Refinitiv and LSEG shares

(218)

-

(662)

-

Investing cash flows from continuing operations

(335)

(62)

47

(404)

Investing cash flows from discontinued operations

(210)

-

(252)

-

Net cash used in investing activities

(545)

(62)

(205)

(404)

Financing activities

Proceeds from debt

-

-

-

2,019

Repayments of debt

-

-

-

(1,645)

Net borrowings under short-term loan facilities

-

(120)

-

(2)

Payments of lease principal

(22)

(20)

(65)

(56)

Repurchases of common shares

(603)

-

(803)

(200)

Dividends paid on preference shares

(1)

(1)

(2)

(2)

Dividends paid on common shares

(194)

(183)

(582)

(547)

Other financing activities

3

6

8

(10)

Net cash used in financing activities

(817)

(318)

(1,444)

(443)

(Decrease) increase in cash and bank overdrafts

(828)

201

(273)

332

Translation adjustments

(3)

5

(3)

(5)

Cash and bank overdrafts at beginning of period

2,342

946

1,787

825

Cash and bank overdrafts at end of period

$1,511

$1,152

$1,511

$1,152

Cash and bank overdrafts at end of period comprised of:

Cash and cash equivalents

$1,511

$1,152

$1,511

$1,152



Thomson Reuters Corporation

Reconciliation of (Loss) Earnings from Continuing Operations to Adjusted EBITDA(1)

(millions of U.S. dollars, except for margins)

(unaudited)

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

2021

2020

2021

2020

(Loss) earnings from continuing operations


$(241)


$240


$5,864

$562

Adjustments to remove:

Tax (benefit) expense

(161)

(147)

1,722

(84)

Other finance income

(34)

(2)

(30)

(36)

Net interest expense

46

49

146

146

Amortization of other identifiable intangible assets

29

32

90

92

Amortization of computer software

119

133

356

362

Depreciation

40

61

128

144

EBITDA

$(202)

$366

$8,276

$1,186

Adjustments to remove:

Share of post-tax losses (earnings) in equity method investments

672

178

(6,717)

385

Other operating gains, net

(4)

(56)

(35)

(104)

Fair value adjustments(4)

(8)

3

(6)

(17)

Adjusted EBITDA(1)

$458

$491

$1,518

$1,450

Adjusted EBITDA margin(1)

30.0%

34.0%

32.7%

33.2%

Thomson Reuters Corporation

Reconciliation of Net (Loss) Earnings to Adjusted Earnings(2)

Reconciliation of Total Change in Adjusted EPS(2) to Change in Constant Currency(5)

(millions of U.S. dollars, except for share and per share data)

(unaudited)

Three Months Ended
September 30,

Nine Months Ended
September 30,

2021

2020

Change

2021

2020

Change

Net (loss) earnings

$(240)

$241

$5,864

$560

Adjustments to remove:

Fair value adjustments (4)

(8)

3

(6)

(17)

Amortization of other identifiable intangible assets

29

32

90

92

Other operating gains, net

(4)

(56)

(35)

(104)

Other finance income

(34)

(2)

(30)

(36)

Share of post-tax losses (earnings) in equity method investments

672

178

(6,717)

385

Tax on above items

(174)

(41)

1,616

(100)

Tax items impacting comparability

(4)

(146)

(15)

(107)

(Earnings) loss from discontinued operations, net of tax

(1)

(1)

-

2

Interim period effective tax rate normalization(3)

(8)

(15)

(10)

(21)

Dividends declared on preference shares

(1)

(1)

(2)

(2)

Adjusted earnings(2)

$227

$192

$755

$652

Adjusted EPS (2)

$0.46

$0.39

18%

$1.52

$1.31

16%

Foreign currency(5)

3%

1%

Constant currency(5)

15%

15%

Diluted weighted-average common shares (millions)(2)

495.9

498.4

496.6

497.8

Refer to page 23 for footnotes.

Thomson Reuters Corporation

Reconciliation of Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities to Free Cash Flow(6)

(millions of U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

2021

2020

2021

2020

Net cash provided by operating activities

$534

$581

$1,376

$1,179

Capital expenditures

(131)

(117)

(364)

(404)

Proceeds from disposals of property and equipment

-

98

-

162

Other investing activities

3

-

56

2

Payments of lease principal

(22)

(20)

(65)

(56)

Dividends paid on preference shares

(1)

(1)

(2)

(2)

Free cash flow (6)

$383

$541

$1,001

$881

Thomson Reuters Corporation

Reconciliation of Net Debt and Leverage Ratio of Net Debt to Adjusted EBITDA(8)

(millions of U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)

September 30,
2021

Long-term indebtedness

$3,782

Total debt

3,782

Swaps

(97)

Total debt after swaps

3,685

Remove fair value adjustments for hedges

(9)

Total debt after currency arrangements

3,676

Remove transaction costs, premiums or discounts included in the carrying value of debt

35

Add: lease liabilities (current and non-current)

268

Less: cash and cash equivalents

(1,511)

Net debt (8)

$2,468

Adjusted EBITDA(1)*

$2,043

Net Debt / Adjusted EBITDA(8)*

1.2:1

* The company's target leverage ratio of 2.5:1 is a non-IFRS measure. For purposes of this calculation, adjusted EBITDA is computed on a rolling 12-month basis and includes adjusted EBITDA of $458 million, $502 million, $558 million and $525 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021, June 30, 2021, March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. Refer to the tables appended to this news release, the company's 2020 annual report and the company's MD&A for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021 for additional information regarding the calculation of adjusted EBITDA in each of these periods.

Refer to page 23 for footnotes.

Thomson Reuters Corporation

Reconciliation of Changes in Revenues to Changes in Revenues on a Constant Currency(5) and Organic Basis(7)

(millions of U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)

Three Months Ended

September 30,

Change

2021

2020

Total


Foreign
Currency

SUBTOTAL
Constant
Currency(5)


Acquisitions/
(Divestitures)



Organic(7)

Total Revenues

Legal Professionals

$682

$636

7%

1%

6%

0%

6%

Corporates

356

333

7%

1%

6%

0%

6%

Tax & Accounting Professionals

175

165

6%

0%

6%

0%

6%

"Big 3" Segments Combined

1,213

1,134

7%

1%

6%

0%

6%

Reuters News

164

154

6%

0%

6%

0%

6%

Global Print

149

154

-3%

1%

-5%

0%

-5%

Eliminations/Rounding

-

1

Revenues

$1,526

$1,443

6%

1%

5%

0%

5%

Recurring Revenues

Legal Professionals

$634

$592

7%

1%

6%

0%

6%

Corporates

309

287

8%

1%

7%

0%

7%

Tax & Accounting Professionals

147

133

10%

0%

10%

0%

10%

"Big 3" Segments Combined

1,090

1,012

8%

1%

7%

0%

7%

Reuters News

143

141

1%

0%

1%

0%

1%

Total Recurring Revenues

$1,233

$1,153

7%

1%

6%

0%

6%

Transactions Revenues

Legal Professionals

$48

$44

11%

1%

10%

-1%

10%

Corporates

47

46

2%

0%

2%

0%

2%

Tax & Accounting Professionals

28

32

-9%

0%

-9%

0%

-9%

"Big 3" Segments Combined

123

122

2%

1%

2%

0%

2%

Reuters News

21

13

62%

-5%

66%

0%

66%

Total Transactions Revenues

$144

$135

8%

0%

8%

0%

8%

Growth percentages are computed using whole dollars. As a result, percentages calculated from reported amounts may differ from those presented, and growth components may not total due to rounding.

Refer to page 23 for footnotes.


Thomson Reuters Corporation

Reconciliation of Changes in Revenues to Changes in Revenues on a Constant Currency(5) and Organic Basis(7)

(millions of U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

Change

2021

2020

Total


Foreign
Currency

SUBTOTAL
Constant
Currency(5)


Acquisitions/
(Divestitures)



Organic(7)

Total Revenues

Legal Professionals

$2,023

$1,882

7%

1%

6%

0%

6%

Corporates

1,088

1,029

6%

1%

5%

0%

5%

Tax & Accounting Professionals

597

551

8%

0%

8%

0%

8%

"Big 3" Segments Combined

3,708

3,462

7%

1%

6%

0%

6%

Reuters News

492

464

6%

1%

5%

0%

5%

Global Print

439

443

-1%

2%

-3%

0%

-3%

Eliminations/Rounding

(1)

(1)

Revenues

$4,638

$4,368

6%

1%

5%

0%

5%

Recurring Revenues

Legal Professionals

$1,881

$1,759

7%

1%

6%

0%

5%

Corporates

904

850

6%

1%

5%

0%

5%

Tax & Accounting Professionals

457

427

7%

0%

7%

0%

7%

"Big 3" Segments Combined

3,242

3,036

7%

1%

6%

0%

6%

Reuters News

431

424

2%

1%

0%

0%

0%

Total Recurring Revenues

$3,673

$3,460

6%

1%

5%

0%

5%

Transactions Revenues

Legal Professionals

$142

$123

16%

3%

14%

0%

14%

Corporates

184

179

3%

0%

3%

0%

3%

Tax & Accounting Professionals

140

124

13%

1%

12%

0%

12%

"Big 3" Segments Combined

466

426

10%

1%

9%

0%

9%

Reuters News

61

40

52%

2%

50%

1%

50%

Total Transactions Revenues

$527

$466

13%

1%

12%

0%

12%

Growth percentages are computed using whole dollars. As a result, percentages calculated from reported amounts may differ from those presented, and growth components may not total due to rounding.

Refer to page 23 for footnotes.

Thomson Reuters Corporation

Reconciliation of Changes in Adjusted EBITDA(1) to Changes on a Constant Currency Basis(5)

(millions of U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)

Three Months Ended

September 30,

Change

2021

2020

Total

Foreign
Currency

Constant
Currency(5)

Adjusted EBITDA

Legal Professionals

$288

$272

6%

2%

4%

Corporates

131

120

9%

1%

9%

Tax & Accounting Professionals

49

47

4%

-1%

6%

"Big 3" Segments Combined

468

439

7%

1%

6%

Reuters News

25

23

4%

-4%

8%

Global Print

52

64

-18%

1%

-19%

Corporate costs

(87)

(35)

n/a

n/a

n/a

Adjusted EBITDA

$458

$491

-7%

1%

-7%

Adjusted EBITDA Margin

Legal Professionals

42.3%

42.8%

-50bp

30bp

-80bp

Corporates

36.8%

36.0%

80bp

0bp

80bp

Tax & Accounting Professionals

28.0%

28.5%

-50bp

-30bp

-20bp

"Big 3" Segments Combined

38.6%

38.7%

-10bp

10bp

-20bp

Reuters News

14.9%

15.2%

-30bp

-50bp

20bp

Global Print

35.0%

41.1%

-610bp

20bp

-630bp

Corporate costs

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

Adjusted EBITDA margin

30.0%

34.0%

-400bp

10bp

-410bp

n/a: not applicable

Growth percentages and margins are computed using whole dollars. As a result, percentages and margins calculated from reported amounts may differ from those presented, and growth components may not total due to rounding.

Refer to page 23 for footnotes.

Thomson Reuters Corporation

Reconciliation of Changes in Adjusted EBITDA(1) to Changes on a Constant Currency Basis(5)

(millions of U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

Change

2021

2020

Total

Foreign
Currency

Constant
Currency(5)

Adjusted EBITDA

Legal Professionals

$852

$756

13%

2%

11%

Corporates

407

355

15%

1%

14%

Tax & Accounting Professionals

219

185

18%

0%

18%

"Big 3" Segments Combined

1,478

1,296

14%

1%

13%

Reuters News

88

67

30%

-14%

44%

Global Print

165

181

-9%

2%

-11%

Corporate costs

(213)

(94)

n/a

n/a

n/a

Adjusted EBITDA

$1,518

$1,450

5%

1%

4%

Adjusted EBITDA Margin

Legal Professionals

42.1%

40.2%

190bp

10bp

180bp

Corporates

37.4%

34.5%

290bp

-20bp

310bp

Tax & Accounting Professionals

36.6%

33.6%

300bp

-10bp

310bp

"Big 3" Segments Combined

39.9%

37.4%

250bp

20bp

230bp

Reuters News

17.8%

14.5%

330bp

-210bp

540bp

Global Print

37.5%

40.7%

-320bp

20bp

-340bp

Corporate costs

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

Adjusted EBITDA margin

32.7%

33.2%

-50bp

-20bp

-30bp

n/a: not applicable

Growth percentages and margins are computed using whole dollars. As a result, percentages and margins calculated from reported amounts may differ from those presented, and growth components may not total due to rounding.

Refer to page 23 for footnotes.

Footnotes

(1)

Thomson Reuters defines adjusted EBITDA for its business segments as earnings or losses from continuing operations before tax expense or benefit, net interest expense, other finance costs or income, depreciation, amortization of software and other identifiable intangible assets, Thomson Reuters share of post-tax earnings or losses in equity method investments, other operating gains and losses, certain asset impairment charges, fair value adjustments and corporate related items. Consolidated adjusted EBITDA is comprised of adjusted EBITDA for its business segments and corporate costs. Adjusted EBITDA margin is adjusted EBITDA expressed as a percentage of revenues. Thomson Reuters uses adjusted EBITDA because it provides a consistent basis to evaluate operating profitability and performance trends by excluding items that the company does not consider to be controllable activities for this purpose. Adjusted EBITDA also represents a measure commonly reported and widely used by investors as a valuation metric. Additionally, this measure is used by Thomson Reuters and investors to assess a company's ability to incur and service debt.

(2)

Thomson Reuters defines adjusted earnings as net earnings or loss including dividends declared on preference shares but excluding the post-tax impacts of fair value adjustments, amortization of other identifiable intangible assets, other operating gains and losses, certain asset impairment charges, other finance costs or income, Thomson Reuters share of post-tax earnings or losses in equity method investments, discontinued operations and other items affecting comparability. Thomson Reuters calculates the post-tax amount of each item excluded from adjusted earnings based on the specific tax rules and tax rates associated with the nature and jurisdiction of each item. Adjusted EPS is calculated from adjusted earnings using diluted weighted-average shares and does not represent actual earnings or loss per share attributable to shareholders. Thomson Reuters uses adjusted earnings and adjusted EPS as they provide a more comparable basis to analyze earnings and they are also measures commonly used by shareholders to measure the company's performance.

Because Thomson Reuters reported a net loss for continuing operations under IFRS for the three months ended September 30, 2021, the weighted-average number of common shares used for basic and diluted loss per share is the same for all per-share calculations in the period, as the effect of stock options and other equity incentive awards would reduce the loss per share, and therefore be anti-dilutive. Since the company's non-IFRS measure "adjusted earnings" is a profit, potential common shares are included, as they lower adjusted EPS and are therefore dilutive.

The following table reconciles IFRS and non-IFRS common share information:

(weighted-average common shares)

Three Months Ended
September 30, 2021

IFRS: Basic and Diluted

494,624,854

Effect of stock options and other equity incentive awards

1,275,150

Non-IFRS Diluted

495,900,004

(3)

Adjustment to reflect income taxes based on estimated full-year effective tax rate. Earnings or losses for interim periods under IFRS reflect income taxes based on the estimated effective tax rates of each of the jurisdictions in which Thomson Reuters operates. The non-IFRS adjustment reallocates estimated full-year income taxes between interim periods but has no effect on full-year income taxes.

(4)

Fair value adjustments primarily represent gains or losses due to changes in foreign currency exchange rates on intercompany balances that arise in the ordinary course of business.

(5)

The changes in revenues, adjusted EBITDA and the related margins, and adjusted earnings per share before currency (at constant currency or excluding the effects of currency) are determined by converting the current and prior-year period's local currency equivalent using the same exchange rates.

(6)

Free cash flow is net cash provided by operating activities, proceeds from disposals of property and equipment, and other investing activities less capital expenditures, payments of lease principal and dividends paid on the company's preference shares. Thomson Reuters uses free cash flow as it helps assess the company's ability, over the long term, to create value for its shareholders as it represents cash available to repay debt, pay common dividends and fund share repurchases and new acquisitions.

(7)

Represents changes in revenues of our existing businesses at constant currency. The metric excludes the distortive impacts of acquisitions and dispositions from not owning the business in both comparable periods. Thomson Reuters uses organic growth because it provides further insight into the performance of its existing businesses by excluding distortive impacts and serves as a better measure of the company's ability to grow its business over the long term.

(8)

Net debt is total indebtedness (excluding the associated unamortized transaction costs and premiums or discounts) plus the currency related fair value of associated hedging instruments, and lease liabilities less cash and cash equivalents. For purposes of calculating the leverage ratio, net debt is divided by adjusted EBITDA for the previous twelve-month period ending with the current fiscal quarter.

Our goal is to create a safe and engaging place for users to connect over interests and passions. In order to improve our community experience, we are temporarily suspending article commenting