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Wall Street, FTSE and European stocks lower as economic data disappoints

A look at how the major markets are performing on Wednesday

Wall Street opened lower today, extending yesterday's losses. Photo: Getty
Wall Street opened lower today, extending yesterday's losses. Photo: Getty (Alexander Spatari via Getty Images)

The FTSE 100, European stocks and Wall Street were all lower on Wednesday afternoon as investors kept across the closely watched ISM Non-Manufacturing Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) for fresh insight into the strength of the US economy and absorbed comments from the Bank of England governor on future monetary policy.

As well as fresh PMI data on the US services sector in August, closely watched for signs of inflation. The ISM reading came in at 54.5, compared with 52.5 expected, for the eighth month of higher activity in a row.

Earlier, the US trade deficit widened less than expected in July, as exports rose 1.6% after three months of declines, official figures showed.

Meanwhile, speaking at a hearing in London, BoE governor Andrew Bailey told MPs that although inflation is coming down in the UK, there is still a long way further to go. He also said he was of the view that “we are now much closer to the top of the cycle” with regard to rate hikes.

Read more: Bank of England governor admits there is still a long way to go to beat inflation

FTSE 100 and European stocks

In late afternoon trade, the FTSE 100 (^FTSE) was down 0.19% to 7,424.10 points, while the CAC 40 (^FCHI) in Paris fell 0.93% to 7,187.75 points. In Germany, the DAX (^GDAXI) declined by 0.22% to 15,735.00 points.

Burberry (BRBY.L) was one of the biggest fallers on the FTSE 100, with its stock down 4.39%, while Asia-focused insurer Prudential (PRU.L) also weighed on the index.

B&M European Value Retail (BME.L) was the top riser after the discount chain agreed to buy dozens of shops from the collapsed retailer Wilko, as talks over a bigger rescue deal hang in the balance.

US and Asia

In the US, Wall Street extended yesterday’s losses with all the main indices in the red.

The Dow Jones (^DJI) was down 0.51% to 34,465.82 points. The S&P 500 (^GSPC) also fell, by 0.72% to 4,464.72 points, while the tech-heavy NASDAQ (^IXIC) declined 0.95% to close at 13,887.24.

As well as digesting the latest ISM services PMI data for August and latest trade balance update, investors will now be waiting for data on initial jobless claims for the week ending 2 September that will come through on Thursday.

In Asia, the markets have been mixed. Japan’s Nikkei 225 (^N225) rose 0.62% to 33,241.02 points, while the Hang Seng (^HSI) in Hong Kong lost 0.17% to 18,425.76. In mainland China, the Shanghai Composite (000001.SS) gained, by 0.14% to 3,158.75 points.

It comes as China's services activity expanded, however, at the slowest pace in eight months in August as weak demand continues to impact the world's second-largest economy. Moreover, stimulus efforts have failed to revive consumption.

Traders will be keeping across the next wave of economic data from China early hours Thursday morning with the release of the country’s latest trade balance for August.


In currencies, the pound to dollar exchange rate (GBPUSD=X) was at 1.25, meaning £1 will get you $1.25. Meanwhile, while the pound to euro exchange rate (GBPEUR=X) was at 1.16.

Oil prices

Traders are also watching oil market moves after Brent hit $90 a barrel last night for the first time since November last year and US crude came close after Saudi Arabia and Russia extended crude output cuts.

Saudi Arabia first implemented the 1 million barrel per day reduction in July and has since extended it on a monthly basis while Russia also pledged to reduce exports by 500,000 barrels per day in August and by 300,000 barrels per day in September.

Today, however, crude prices are lower, easing off slightly from yesterday. US crude oil, or West Texas Intermediate (CL=F), fell 0.22% to trade at $86.50 a barrel, while Brent crude (BZ=F) lost 0.26% and was at $89.81 a barrel.

Corporate highlights

Shares in UK home construction company, Barratt Developments (BDEV.L), fell 2.4% after it posted its latest financial results.

The company said forward sales stood at £2.44bn as of 27 August, down 36% year-on-year. It also forecast a reduction in margins but did not provide profit guidance.

Richard Hunter, head of markets at Interactive Investor, commented “The list of headwinds is well-documented and lengthy and is likely to spill over into the new financial year. Squeezed mortgage affordability and availability is resulting in waning customer demand, while broader concerns over general economic growth, consumer confidence and spending are all darkening the picture.

“At the same time, the removal of the Help to Buy scheme has removed an important plank from first-time buyers and legacy costs for remedial building work continue to come at a significant cost, totalling some £179m in this period.”

He also noted that the spectre of inflation is an additional burden, with house price inflation failing to keep up with build cost inflation, which has been running between 9% and 10% over the year.

“There are, however, some signs of improvement on this front as some of these pressures show signs of easing, and Barratts is predicting a figure of nearer 5% over the coming year,” Hunter added.

Shares in retailer WH Smith (SMWH.L) also fell today, plunging nearly 6%, despite the company reporting that its revenue was up 28%, boosted by strong demand during a busy summer travel season. However, it fell short of a recently raised profit forecast.

AJ Bell investment director Russ Mould said its latest trading update reflects the growth in travel activity and the fact it is winning market share.

“Travel is the key driver for earnings, not the UK high street stores which are cash machines for the business but are arguably ex-growth. Here, it’s all about trimming costs and offering a functional place to buy stationery, books and snacks.”

Darktrace (DARK.L) shares had a bad start too, falling 4.28% off the back of its earnings report.

The British cyber security company reported a 52% rise in adjusted core earnings in the 12 months to end-June but said that changes to its sales commission would squeeze its earnings margin in the current year.

Darktrace said the decision to pay 100% of its sales commissions up front, rather than 50% with the remainder typically one year later, would result in an adjusted core earnings range of 17% to 19% for the year.

Meanwhile, fund manager Ashmore (ASHM.L) has reported a 6% fall in annual profit due to higher outflows.

However, the company said it would maintain its final ordinary dividend at 12.1 pence per share, to give total dividends per share of 16.9 pence.

Its stock was up 1.61% on Wednesday morning, following the update.

Halfords (HFD.L) stock got a boost today after the British retailer reported a 14% rise in revenue for the 20 weeks to the 18 August, up 16.6% on last year.

The company said motorists were looking for cheap repairs which helped autocentre sales, although cycling sales fell.

“It’s been a good start to the year for Halfords, and our ongoing focus on essential maintenance and servicing is driving a strong performance in our autocentre and retail motoring business,” Halford’s chief executive, Graham Stapleton, said.

The Restaurant Group plc (RTN.L), which own Wagamama, said it expects annual profit to be higher after posting an increase in first-half earnings helped by more people dining at its joints.

It reported a 15% rise in adjusted core profit to £36.3m for the half-year ended 2 July. Analysts, on average, had expected core profit to be about £77.5m for the year.

Wall Street will be watching GameStop (GME) stock today with the video game retailer set to reveal its latest financial statements after the bell today.

It is forecast to report a 0.5% rise in revenue to $1.141bn, while its net loss is predicted to come in at $49.4m, which would be less than half the $108.7m loss we saw last year, according to market analyst Joshua Warner.

It comes as GameStop has posted losses for over three years now as demand for hardware remains the main problem.

Looking at the company’s stock chart, its share price rose 4.40% at close of trading in the US on Tuesday and since the start of 2023, its share price has gained about 17%. However, since a recent peak reached on 13 June, it has fallen by about 30%.

Meanwhile, shares in Oxford Nanopore Technologies plc (ONT.L) dropped 5.12% after it reported earnings for the half year ended 30 June.

The company said sales came in at £86m, compared to £122.35m a year ago. Net loss, meanwhile, was £70.1m, compared to £30.18m a year ago.

Economic data

The British Chambers of Commerce (BCC) warned this morning that the UK economy is set to flatline for the next six months, although it will avoid a recession.

The BCC said it expects overall growth of 0.4% for the year and also slashed its forecast for the next two years. It expects the UK economy to grow by just 0.3% in 2024, rising to 0.7% in 2025.

Meanwhile, British construction firms suffered a sharp drop in orders in August, adding to concerns about a slowing economy.

The S&P Global/CIPS UK Purchasing Managers' Index fell to 50.8 in August, down from 51.7 in July.

Tim Moore, economics director at S&P Global Market Intelligence, said the decline in residential house-building was the steepest since early 2009 excluding the COVID-19 lockdown period, although August's figure was slightly above a low struck in June.

Weaker economic conditions and new building project cutbacks, as well as local planning delays were factors cited as holding back house-building activity.

In the Eurozone, retail sales fell 0.2% month over month in July, while EU retail sales declined 0.3% on the previous month.

Watch: Goldman Sachs' Jan Hatzius trims recession odds, says US headed for soft landing

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